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[Lewis and Clark] 
[Weather, February 1804]  [1]
 

        

day of
month
1804
Therm
at Sun symbol
rise
weather wind Therm
at 4
Oclk
weather wind r.
& f.
River
feet
inches
Feb. 1st 10 a 0 f. S.W. 20 a 0 f. S.W.S. r. " 1 ½
" 2  [2] 12 a 0 f. N.W. 10 a 0 f. N.W. r. " ½
" 3 12 a 0 f S.W. 19 a 0 f W. " " "
" 4 17 a. 0 f. S.W. 28 a 0 f S. r " ½
" 5 18 a 0 f. S.E. 31 a. 0 c.a.f. S.E.S. r 2 6 ½
" 6 19 a 0 f. N.W. 15 a 0 c. S. " " "
" 7 29 a. 0 r.a.c. S.E. 30 a 0 r.& c. S.E f " 8
" 8 22 a 0 c.a.r. N.W. 20 a 0 c.a.s. N. r 1 "
" 9 10 a 0 f.a.s. N.N.E. 12 a 0 c N.E r 2 "
" 10 3 a 0 f. N.E. 17 a. 0 f S.W r 1 4
" 11 18 a 0 h.a.c. S.E. 31 a 0 s.a.hf. S.E r 1 "
" 12 15 a 0 f SSE 25 a 0 f S.W. f. " 2
" 13 12 a 0 f NW 20 a 0 f W. r&f " 1
" 14 15 a 0 f S.W. 32 a 0 f S.W. 〈f〉 " "
" 15 18 a 0 f S.W. 32 a 0 f W. 〈f〉 " "
" 16 28 a 0 c S.E. 30 a 0 r.a.c. SSE. r " 2 ½
" 17 15 a 0 c.a.r. S.W. 32 a 0 f. W. r   2
" 18  [3] 10 a 0 f N.W.       r " 7 ½
" 19 10 f N W            
" 20 10 a.0 f N W 28 a 0   S.S.W f   2 ½
" 21  [4] 20 a 0 f N W 34 a 0   N W f   ½
" 22 14 a 0 f N. E 26 a 0   N,E r   1 ½
" 23 6 a 0 f N W 24 a 0   N W f   1
" 24 6 a 0 f N E 26 a 0   N E f   2
" 25  [5] 20 a 0 f N E 38 a 0   S.S.W.      
" 26 16 a 0 f N E 30 a 0   N E f   ½
" 27  [6] 21 a 0 c— N. E 24 a 0 r.&f.s N W f   1
" 28 4 a 0 c&s N W 6 a 0 c a s N W f   2
" 29 8 a 0 h&s N W 12 a 0 c.a.s N W f   2 ½

 

      

[Remarks]  [7]

 

        

Feb. 1st the wind blew very hard, no frost, snow disapearing fast
" 2 frost this morning    the snow has disapeared in spots
" 3 frost this morning, the snow thawed considerably, raisd boat  [8]
" 4 frost, considerable number of swan & Geese from N & S.
  5 emmence quantities of ice runing some of which 11 Inches
" 6 a small white frost, the snow disappeared    a small snow storm  [9]
" 7 a small quantity of soft ice runing, Swans passing
" 8 many swans from N. W.    creek rose & took off my water mark,
" 9 the river raised 2 feet, large quantity of drift ice from Misso[uri]
" 10 ice still drifting in considerable quantities, some geese passed
fr S.
" 11 Swans from the N. The sugar maple runs freely,
" 12 Pigeons, ducks of varis kinds, and gese have returned
  13 the fist appearance of the blue crain,  [10] sugar trees run
  14 but little drift ice, the Misipi is not broken up.  [11]
  15 immence quantities of Swan, in the marra—.  [12]
  21 in the evening the river began to rise ½ Inch
  23 [river] fall in the evening ½ Inch
  25 River on a Stand
  27 River rose 3 Inches & fell immediately
  28 began to Snow and Continued all day
  29 Snow all night & until 11 oClock a. m. & Cleared away    the
weather had been Clear since 〈Capt Lewis〉 lef Camp untill
this.  [13]




 

1. The table of observations follows Lewis's Weather Diary, wherein the observations from the first through the eighteenth are in Lewis's hand; from February 19 they are in Clark's hand. Significant variations from Clark's Codex C are noted. Lewis's ditto marks in the river column do not seem to mean a repeat of the item above; they appear to be spacers. (Return to text.)

 

2. Clark, in Codex C, has river rise 1½ inches for February 2. (Return to text.)

 

3. In the first column of weather "f" is written over "N W." (Return to text.)

 

4. Codex C gives the river rise as 1½ inches for February 21. (Return to text.)

 

5. The second column of thermometer readings gives 28 in Codex C. (Return to text.)

 

6. The first column of thermometer reading in Lewis's Weather Diary could be either 21 or 4. It is clearly 4 in Codex C. (Return to text.)

 

7. These remarks follow Lewis's Weather Diary, kept by Clark from February 19. Variations from Codex C are noted below. (Return to text.)

 

8. Numbers (1, 4, 2, 3) whose purpose is unclear were inserted at the end of remarks for February 3, 4, 5, and 8. (Return to text.)

 

9. Clark, in Codex C, also says, "a quantity of Soft ice running" and "Swans passing." (Return to text.)

 

10. Probably the great blue heron, Ardea herodias [AOU, 194], which is still often called a crane. (Return to text.)

 

11. Clark, in Codex C, adds here "Sugar trees run." (Return to text.)

 

12. In Clark's Codex C the last word appears to be "mars," presumably meaning "marsh." (Return to text.)

 

13. There are no remarks for February 28 and 29 in the Weather Diary. Those given are from Codex C. On the flyleaf of Codex P are remarks on the weather by Lewis for February 28 and 29 and the month of March, in Lewis's hand. Those for February are substantially the same as those given here; in the February 29 entry, "I" is substituted for "Cap Lewis," which is struck out. Lewis left River Dubois sometime after February 20 and before February 29. (Return to text.)












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