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July 16 1804 Monday Set out verry early and proceeded on the Side of a Prarie passd the head of the Island opsd. which we Camped last night, (1) passed a Small willow Island off the L. point, hills make near the river (2) passed a large Island nearest the L. S. below the pt. a Small willow Isd. also one on the Side. this large Island is called fair Sun  the wind favourable from the South. Boat run 〈a Sho〉 on a Sawyer, (4) pass a place on the L. S. where the hill abt. 20 acres has Sliped into the river lately Just above passed under a clift of Sand Stone  L. S. a number of Burds Nests in the holes & crevises of this rock which Continus 2 miles,  (5) passed a willow Island in a Deep band to the S. S. river 2 mile wide at this place, not[e] Deed [dead?] Snags across, passed the Lower point of a Island called Isle Chauvin Situated on the L. Point opposit an extensive Prarie on the S. S., This prarie I call Ball pated Prarie  from the range ball [bald] hills, at from 3 to 6 miles from the river as far as my Sight will extend, we camped in a point of woods opsd. the Isd. on S. S. in a bend. 
Set out this morning verry early and proceeded on under a gentle breeze from the S passed the upper point of the Island an extensive Prarie on the L. S. passed a large (1) Island Called Fair Sun Isd. a Small willow Isld. at the lower point on the L. S. the boat passd on the L. S. of those Islands Several Small Sand Islands in the Channel, the boat run on the point of a Snag, (2) passed a place above the Island L. S. where about 20 acres of the hill has latterly Sliped into the river above a clift of Sand Stone for about two miles, the resort of burds of Different Kinds to reare their young. (5) Passed a willow Island in a Deep Bend to the S. S. opposit the river is about two miles wide, and not verry Deep as the Snag may be Seen across, Scattering, passed the Lower point of an Island called by F[rench] 〈Chauvin's〉 [NB: Chauve Island]  Situated off the L. Point opposit an extensive Prarie on the S. S. This Prarie I call Ball pated Prarie, from a range of Ball Hills parrelel to the river & at from 3 to 6 miles distant from it, and extends as far up & Down as I Can See, we Camped in a point of woods on the L. S. above the Lower point of the Island. river falling.
Monday 16th we set out at an early hour; the morning was cloudy; could find no convenient situation for observation; proceeded untill a little before noon when we came too—
(Point of observation No. 21.)
On the Lard. Shore opposite to the center of good Island where I observed the meridian altitude of 's L. L. with Octant by the back observation, wich gave me the Latitude— 40° 20' 12" N.
I now set the Chronometer as near noon as this observation would enable me, and proceeded untill evening, when we came too on the Stard. shore opposite the lower point of the Island of the Bald prarie where we encamped.
Monday July 16th 1804. we Set out verry eairly this morning proceded on the side of a prarie above the prarie the hills make near the River passed Several Small Islands one large one called fair Sun the Boat Ran fast on a Sawyer. the wind from the South, we delayed at 12 oClock for the Captains to take the Meridian altidude & Set their watches &-C— we then Sailed along & Stoped to Dine little above where the hills came close to the R. on South Side we passed a high Sand Bank which appeared to be Slideing in at times. little above a Bank of Sand Stone which was high & many Birds nests in the holes we proceded on to a large handsome prarie on the North Side where we camped.  the party who were with the horses joined us with 2 Deer. The River neesh-nah-ba-to-na Runs along back of the Bottom prarie under the Ball hill  along this River is plenty of Timbers every fiew miles which Stands in Handsome Groves. these hills are in Some places from 3 to 6 miles from the Missouris
Monday July 16th we Set out verry early and prossed on the Side of a Prarie the wind from the South Sailed ouer Boat Run on a Sawyer Sailed all day made 20 miles passed Sevrall Isd Camt on the North Side
Monday 16th. Early in the morning we proceeded on our voyage opposite a prairie; had a fine day and fair wind, and passed a long island,  above which is a place where the bank has slipped into the river. There are high rocky cliffs on the south side, and hills and prairies on the north:  on which side we encamped. The river here is two miles wide with rapid water. Two of our hunters met us here with two deer.
Monday 16 The morning was Clear The water Strong the wind rose had Good Sailing passd. a number of Islands to the labourd. Seen Some Elk  on the E. Shore as we passd. the prarie Roed. 20 Miles Campd. on the Mohaugh prarie 
Monday July 16 This morning we started early, the weather being fine & Clear, and the wind in our favour we set all our Sails, we passed a number of Islands laying on the South side of the River, and saw a number of Elk on the No. East shore feeding on the Priari, in the Evening we encamp'd on the Mahaw Priari, having Sailed 20 Miles this day.—
1. Biddle's notation at the head of this sheet of the Field Notes (document 32) reads "July 16 to 19." (Return to text.)
2. Named for a St. Louis fur trader who once wintered there, Eugene Pouree dit Beausoleil, from whom it became Beausoleil (fair, or good, sun) Island. It was later Sun Island, and perhaps Sonora Island, a few miles upstream from present Brownville, Nemaha County, Nebraska. The island has apparently disappeared. McDermott (WCS), 141; MRC map 20; MRR maps 57, 58. (Return to text.)
3. Rocks exposed along this reach of the Missouri River are mapped as basal Permian Admire Group, the lowermost unit of which is the cliff forming Indian Cave sandstone. Burchett et al.; Condra & Reed. (Return to text.)
4. One naturalist has supposed the birds to be bank swallows, Riparia riparia [AOU, 616]. Swenk, 122. (Return to text.)
5. "Chauvin" was Bald Island in the middle of the nineteenth century, later probably splitting into McKissock Island"> and Hogthief islands. See McDermott (WCS), 149–50, on possible French name. Bald-pated prairie lies on the Missouri-Iowa state line, and much of it is probably within present Waubonsie State Park, Fremont County, Iowa, appearing much as it did in 1804. The term bald-pated refers to the open prairies that exist on the steep loess bluffs that parallel the Missouri river above this point. Those are also referred to as the loess hills and have a unique, drought-tolerant prairie vegetation that occupies the steep southwest facing slopes that intercept the dry prevailing northwest winds for much of the year. Prior, Halberg, & Bettis; Warren map 2; MRC map 21; MRR maps 58, 58-L, 59, 59-L. (Return to text.)
6. In this area the Missouri has shifted considerably to the west since 1804. A large portion of Nemaha County, Nebraska, is now on the east side of the Missouri River, and the camp may have lain within that loop, in what is now called the McKissock Island area. More likely, it would have been in Atchison County, Missouri, a few miles northeast of Peru, Nebraska. MRC map 21; MRR map 58. Some words crossed out at the end of this sentence may be "pardon a moi," in Clark's hand. (Return to text.)
7. Note that this course and the next were apparently transposed, which is probably why Clark numbered them. He corrected the error in his notebook journal Codex A. (Return to text.)
8. This word could be interpreted as "Delr." or "Dilr.," which could be associated with the previous word for an abbreviation for "perpendicular." (Return to text.)
9. The following courses, immediately under the regular course column, were both circled and crossed out: N. 40 E, N. 28 W, N. 25 W. (Return to text.)
10. Biddle apparently crossed out Clark's word and substituted his own. (Return to text.)
11. Lewis's observation from Codex O. (Return to text.)
12. Atchison County, Missouri, a few miles northeast of Peru, Nebraska. (Return to text.)
13. The area Clark called the bald-pated prairie, the term Ordway applied the next day, now within Wabonsie State Park, Fremont County, Iowa. (Return to text.)
14. Clark's Chauvin island, Bald Island later in the century, then later split into McKissock Island and Hogthief islands. (Return to text.)
15. Clark's "Bald-Pated Prairie," on the Missouri-Iowa boundary, much of it now within Waubonsie State Park, Fremont County, Iowa. (Return to text.)
16. Elk, or wapiti, Cervis elaphus. (Return to text.)
17. In this instance it is Bald-pated Prairie, Fremont County, Iowa, near present Waubonsie State Park. (Return to text.)
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