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13th of August Munday 1804. Set out this morning at Day light the usial time and proceeded on under a gentle Breeze from the S. E. passed the Island.
From this Fish Camp the River is N 55° West as far as Can be Seen, the Sand bar only changeing the Derection of the Current the Hills leave the river on the L. Side
Set out this morning at Light the usial time and proceeded on under a gentle Breeze from the S E
On the Laboard shore about three miles East of the Maha vilage.
Observed time and distance of 's & 's nearest Limbs.—with Sexant.
Monday 13th we Set out eairly. proceeded on under a gentle Breese from Souhard we passed the mouth of the Mahar Creek  below an Island S. Side of the Missouri R. we proceeded on to the lower point of another Island N. S. opposite to which we Camped on S. Side Near the Mahar Village, I and 3  more of the party went out to the Village or to the place where it formely Stood.  we passed through high Grass in the low prarie & came to the Mahar Creek on our way. proceeded along Creek till we came to 3 forks which came in near together below the Village. we crossed the North branch and proceded along the South branch which was verry fatigueing for the high Grass Sunflowers & thistles  &C all of which were above 10 feet high, a great quantity of wild peas  among those weeds, we broke our way through them till we came to where their had been a village of about 300 Cabbins called the Mahar village. it was burned about 4 years ago immediately after near half the Nation died with the Small pox, which was as I was informed about 400, we found none of the natives about the place they were out hunting the Buffelow, we ascended the hill above the village on which was all the Graves of the former, I Saw the grave also where the Grand chief of the Punckhas  was buried about the Same time the Mahars were &.C. &.C— we Camped on the hill about 5 miles from the Boats. we Struck up a fire the Musquetoes verry troublesome, we were in Great want of warter but found none,
monday august 13th Set out verry erley this morning prosed on under a Jentel Brees from the South Est— Sailed 〈day C〉 morning Clouday about 10 ock, it Cleared up we aRived at the Mahas village about 2 oclock P. m Sent Som of ouer men to Se if aney of the natives was at Home thay Returnd found none of them at Home
Monday 13th. We proceeded this morning with a fair wind; and at 2 landed on a sandy beach, near the Maha village, on the south side of the river. A sergeant and one man were sent to the village, who did not return this day.
Monday Augt. 13th Arived. at the fish camp Neer the Mahars Village at 4 oclock this day the Commanding Officer Sent a Serjt. & 4 Men with a white flagg, to the Village to Invite them to Come to a treaty, but the[y] found no Indians at the Village Returnd. Nixt day after 12 Oclock—
Monday August 13th We embarked early this morning and continued on, at 4 oClock P. M we arrived at a Camp, near the Mahaw Village when the commanding Officer, sent a Serjeant and four Men, with a White flag to the village, to Invite them to come to a Treaty.—
The Serjeant & party proceeded on to the Mahaw Village but found no Indians there, we continued here this day, waiting for their return.—
1. Mackay established this post, named for the reigning king of Spain, Charles IV, in November 1795, and wintered there. From here his companion, Evans, made his journey up the Missouri to the Mandan villages. The site was in Dakota County, Nebraska, southeast of Homer and south of Omaha Creek, but has not been discovered by researchers. Nasatir (BLC), 1:98–108; Atlas maps 7 and 16; MRC map 27; MRR maps 74, 75. (Return to text.)
2. This is perhaps the best-known Omaha village. It was called "Big Village," or Tonwontonga. Fletcher & La Flesche, 86, 99; Champe; Steinacher & Carlson, 29–36. It is in Dakota County, about one mile north of present Homer and six and a half miles south of Dakota City, on or near U.S. Highway 77. Appleman (LC), 335; Atlas map 16; MRC map 27; MRR map 75. (Return to text.)
3. In either Dakota County, Nebraska, or Woodbury County, Iowa, and a few miles south of present Dakota City. Atlas map 16; MRC 27; MRR map 75. (Return to text.)
4. One of the few references to "Carrn.," who is otherwise "E. Cann" and "Cane" (see July 4 and August 25, 1804). Presumably he was one of the French engagés, although he is not mentioned under that name in the list of boatmen of May 26, 1804. See Appendix A. (Return to text.)
5. Lewis's observation from Codex O. (Return to text.)
6. Omaha Creek, north of the Dakota-Thurston county line, Nebraska. (Return to text.)
7. According to Clark the detachment consisted of Ordway, Cruzatte, George Shannon, William Werner, and the mysterious "Carrn," for whom see Clark's entry for this date and Appendix A. (Return to text.)
8. Ordway's route this day cannot be determined with great accuracy, but he seems to have gone up Omaha Creek and then crossed it to what he conceived to be forks of the creek, perhaps Fiddlers, Wigle, and South Omaha creeks. He then apparently camped on a hill near the Omaha village for the night. The village he discusses in this entry is Tonwontonga (see Clark's entry for this day). The rest of his discussion about the village, its surroundings, and the Omaha people is apparently taken from Clark's entry of August 14 (see notes there). (Return to text.)
9. Probaby the common sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., and an unknown thistle, Cirsium sp. (Return to text.)
10. An unidentified legume with pea-like characteristics. (Return to text.)
11. No information seems to be available to identify a chief of the Poncas buried here. The statement may be unreliable or inaccurate. (Return to text.)
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