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3rd September Monday 1804. Set out at Sun rise, verry Cold morning clear and but little wind from the N W. we proceeded on, the river wide, took an obsivation below Plumb Creek  which mouths on the S S. this Creek is Small & coms in between 2 white banks, Great quantities of Plumbs of a most delisious flavour, I have collected the Seed of 3 Kinds which I intend to Send to my brother, also Som grapes of a Superior quallity large & well flavoured, the river is riseing a little, Several wild Goats  Seen in the Plains they are wild & fleet Elk & Buffalow is verry plenty, Scercely any timber in Countrey except a little on the river in the Points. Saw Some Signs of the 2 men who are a head, Colter has not over taken Shannon Camped on the L. S. at the edge of a Plain— 
a verry Cold morning wind from N. W. we Set out at Sun rise, & proceeded on to a Bluff below the mouth of Plumb 12 yds. Creek on the S. S. and took an obsevation of the Suns Altitude
This Creek is Small it "abounds with blumbs of a Delicious flavour" the River is wide and Crouded with Sand bars— it is riseing a little but little timber in this Countrey all that is, is on the river in the points. we Came too on the L. S in the edge of a Plain an Camped for the night— we Saw Some Signs of the two men Shannon & Colter, Shannon appeared to be a head of Colter— The White banks appear to Continu on both sides of the river. Grapes plenty and finely flavered—
Monday 3rd Sept 1804. a Cool & pleasant morning we Set off at Sun rise, the wind blew from the west, passed yallow Bluff, Some Stone under the bank near the water. passed round a large sand point N. Side, the Timber Scarce on both Sides of the River.— N.B. a great many Beaver Sign & Cabbins on the river today. We proceeded on a Swift current passed a white Chalk Bluff close above we passed plumb Creek on N. S. which formed a vallie between or in the bluff, we Camped on S.S. in a Grove of cottonwood Timber,
Monday 3rd. We set out early, and had a clear day; passed yellow bluffs on the north side, and a small creek, called Plumb creek. Here the river turns at right angles to the left, till it reaches the hills on the south side, then winds gradually to the right. There is no timber in this part of the country; but continued prairie on both sides of the river. A person by going on one of the hills may have a view as far as the eye can reach without any obstruction, or intervening object; and enjoy the most delightful prospects. During this day's voyage we found the hills on the opposite sides of the river generally not more than two miles apart, and the river meandering through them in various directions. We encamped on the south side.
Monday 3rd Sept.  cool and pleasant this morning; we Set off at Sun rise passed yallow Bluff & many beaver Signs we passed a Chalk Bluff we passed plumb Creek on the N. S. Camped on the S. S.
Monday September 3rd We this morning took a new Mast on board, which some of the hands had made the preceding day, and set out at Sun rise, and passed by a Yellow bluff, where was a great many signs of beaver, We also passed by a Chalk bluff, laying on the North side of the River; and in the Evening we encamped on the South side of the River.—
1. Biddle added "& 7" after the date to indicate that this sheet of the Field Notes (reverse of document 51) carries entries through September 7. (Return to text.)
2. Probably later Emanuel Creek, in Bon Homme County, South Dakota. Atlas maps 7, 19; Nicollet (MMR), 401; MRC map 31. (Return to text.)
4. In Knox County, Nebraska, probably near the western boundary of the present Santee Sioux Indian Reservation. Atlas maps 18, 19; MRC map 31. (Return to text.)
5. Several pages have been removed at the point where this entry crosses two pages. No break in the writing is apparent. (Return to text.)
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