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[Clark] 
22nd December Satturday 1804
 

       a number of Squars womn & men Dressed in Squars Clothes  [1] Came with Corn to Sell to the men for little things, we precured two horns of the animale the french Call the rock mountain Sheep [bighorn]    those horns are not of the largest kind—    The mandans Indians Call this Sheep Ar-Sar-ta    it is about the Size of a large Deer, or Small Elk, its Horns Come out and wind around the head like the horn of a Ram and the teckere [NB: texture] not unlike it    much larger and thicker perticelarly that part with which they but or outer part which is [blank] inchs thick, the length of those horns, which we have is  [2]




[Lewis] 
Saturday December 22nd 1804.  [3]
 

       Observed Equal altitudes of Sun symbol with Sextant

 

        

  h m   s     h m   s
A.M. 9   6 43       P.M. 1 25 39
  "   9 52     " 28 57
  " 13   9     " 32 10
 

  h m   s
Cronometer too slow on Mean time 0 39 37.6




[Ordway] 
 

       Saturday 22nd Decr.    pleasant moderate weather.    we continued Setting the Pickets    a Great nomber of the Savages visited us brought corn & beans to Trade with us    they wanted of us looking Glases Beeds buttens or & other kinds of articles pleasing to the Eye.




[Gass] 
 

       Saturday 22nd.    The weather continued clear, pleasant and warm. A great number of the natives came with corn, beans and mockasins to trade, for which they would take any thing— old shirts, buttons, awls, knives and the like articles.




[Whitehouse] 
 

       Saturday 22nd Dec. 1804    a clear pleasant warm day    a great nomber of the natives came to the fort with corn beans and moccasons to trade.    they take any trifling thing in exchange viz. old Shirts buttons knives awls &c &c.

 

       Saturday decemr 22nd    This day we had fine pleasant weather    in the morning a number of the Natives came to our Fort, and brought with them, some Corn Beans, and moccosins, to Trade with us.—    They exchanged those articles, for old Shirts, buttons, knives &ca. and went away in the Evening seemingly well pleased with their Trade.—




 

1. Male transvestites were to be found among a number of plains tribes. The Anglo-Americans called them by the French traders' term "berdache," from the French bardache, a homosexual male, which Clark later and somewhat incorrectly explained to Biddle that they were. Nicholas Biddle Notes [ca. April 1810], Jackson (LLC), 2:531. Ronda (LCAI), 130–31, discusses the spiritual nature of this phenomenon, while Whitehead looks at the larger institution of gender-crossing. (Return to text.)

 

2. See below, May 25, 1805, for a description by Lewis based on observation. Clark "Ar-Sar-ta" is probably the Mandan term, áEng symbolse xte, "big horn." (Return to text.)

 

3. Lewis's astronomical observation from Codex O. (Return to text.)












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