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[Lewis and Clark] 
[Weather, September 1805]  [1]
 

        



Day of
the Month
State of
the Ther-
mometer
at Sun symbol rise


Weather
at Sun symbol rise


Wind at
Sun symbol rise
State of
the Ther-
mometer
at 4 P. M.


Weather
at 4 P.M.


Wind at
4 P.M.
[September] 1st
38 a
c
N W
67 a
c
N W
2nd
36 a
c. a. r
N E
60 a
c a r h
N E
3rd
34 a
c. a. r
N E.
52 a
c a r
N E
4th
19 a
r. a. S.
N E
34 a
c a r
N E
5th
17 a
c. a. s
N E.
29 a
c a r & s
N E
6th
c. a. r.
N E
r
N E
7th
 
c. a. r
N E
 
c a r
N E
8th
 
c
N E
 
c a r
N E
9th
 
c. a. r
N E
 
f a r
N E
10th
 
f
N W
 
f
N W
11th
 
f
N W
 
f
N W
12th
 
f.
N W.
 
f
N E
13th
 
c
N E
 
r
N E
14th
 
c. a. r
S W
 
c a r. & S.  [2]
S W
15th
 
c a L & s  [3]
S W
 
s
S W
16th
 
c a s
S W
 
f
S W.
17th
 
f
S W
 
f
S W.
18th
 
f
S W
 
f
S W.
19th
 
f
S W
 
f
S W.
20th
 
f
S W
 
f
S W.
21st
 
f
S E
 
f
S W.
22nd
 
f
S W
 
f
S W
23rd
 
f
S W
 
f
S W.
24th
 
f a r t & L  [4]
S E
 
f a r  [5]
S E.
25th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.
26th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.
27th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.
28th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.
29th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.
30th
 
f
E
 
f
S W.

 

        

[Remarks]  [6]

[September] 2nd
Service berries dried on the bushes abundant and
very fine.    black colour.
3rd
Choke Cherries ripe and abundant.
4th
ice one inch thick.
5th
Ground Covered with Snow.
6th
Thermometer broke by the Box strikeing against a
tree  [7]
8th
Mountains Covered with Snow to the S. W.    a sin-
gular kind of Prickly Pears.
9th
arrived a[t] travelers rest Creek
10th
Met 3 flat head Indians in the pursute of 2 Snake
indians who had taken their horses  [8]
12th
Mounts to our left Covered with Snow
13th
a hot Spring
14th
killed and eat a colt  [9]
15th
no water    we are obliged to Substitute the coald
Snow.  [10]
16th
Snow commenced about 4 oClock A. M. and con-
tinued untill night.    it is about 7 inches deep.    ice
one inch thick.  [11]
17th
Killed & eate the 2d Coalt
18th
Capt Clark goes on a head with the hunters.    hard
black frost this morning
19th
rose raspberry ripe and abundant.  [12]
20th
I found a horse had him killed & hung up for the
party behind
21st
I arrive at the Flat head Camp of 200 lodges in a
Small prarie  [13]
22nd
purchased Some provisions roots &c    Send Rubin
Fields back with Some Provisions to meet Capt.
Lewis.
23rd
I joined Capt Lewis at the flat head village last night
24th
a thunder cloud last evening.  [14]
25th
I proceed to the forks    worm day
26th
Form a Camp at the forks
27th
Several Indians visit us in from below. Set about
building 5 canoes.    day very warm
29th
¾ of the party Sick. Day very hot
30th
Great numbers of Small Ducks pass down the river.
hot day




 

1. Lewis's weather data are in Codex Fe and Codex P; Clark's are in Codex I. This table followed Codex Fe, with discrepancies noted. There is no record of river rise or fall. (Return to text.)

 

2. Lewis in Codex P and Clark in Codex I have only "c a r." (Return to text.)

 

3. Lewis in Codex P and Clark in Codex I have only "c a s." (Return to text.)

 

4. Lewis in Codex P has only "f." (Return to text.)

 

5. Lewis in Codex P and Clark in Codex I have only "f." (Return to text.)

 

6. Lewis (Codices Fe and P) and Clark (Codex I) have a number of marginal remarks for this month, many of which do not refer to the weather. Lewis is missing remarks for a number of days; Clark's are substituted for the following: September 8, 9, 10, 13, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 29, and 30. (Return to text.)

 

7. Clark in Codex I adds, "in the Rock mountains." This was their last thermometer and there were, of course, no recorded temperatures for the remainder of the expedition. (Return to text.)

 

8. These Flatheads were probably Nez Perces. (Return to text.)

 

9. Clark adds, "Snowed rained & hailed to day." (Return to text.)

 

10. Clark adds, "to boil our Colt." (Return to text.)

 

11. Clark's remark reads, "the Snow fell on the old Snow 4 inches deep last night." (Return to text.)

 

12. There are numerous possibilities for both the wild rose (Rosa) and raspberries (Rubus) in the area. Possibilities for the rose include Rosa nutkana Presl and wood rose, R. gymnocarpa Nutt. in T. & G. Possibilities for the raspberries include thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus Nutt., red raspberry, R. idaeus L., or black raspberry, R. leucodermis Dougl. ex T. & G. Clark's version is, "Snow is about 4 Inches deep." (Return to text.)

 

13. The Indians were actually Nez Perces. (Return to text.)

 

14. Clark writes, "Capt Lewis & Several men Sick." (Return to text.)












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