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[Lewis] 
Tuesday February 4th 1806.
 

       Sergt. Pryor with a party of five men set out again in quest of the Elk which Drewyer had killed. Drewyer and La Page also returned to continue the chase in the same quarter.    the Elk are in much better order in the point near the praries than they are in the woody country arround us or up the Netul.    in the praries they feed on grass and rushes, considerable quantities of which are yet green and succulet.    in the woody country their food is huckle berry bushes, fern, and an evergreen shrub which resembles the lorel  [1] in the some measure; the last constitutes the greater part of their food and grows abundantly through all the timbered country, particularly the hillsides and more broken parts of it. There are sveral species of fir in this neighbourhood which I shall discribe as well as my slender botanicall skil will enable me and for the convenience of comparison with each other shal number them. (No 1).  [2] a species which grows to immence size; very commonly 27 feet in the girth six feet above the surface of the earth, and in several instances we have found them as much as 36 feet in the girth or 12 feet diameter perfectly solid and entire.    they frequently rise to the hight of 230 feet, and one hundred and twenty or 30 of that hight without a limb.    this timber is white and soft throughout the rives better than any other species which we have tryed. the bark skales off in irregula rounded flakes and is of a redish brown colour particularly of the younger growth.    the stem of this tree is simple branching, ascending, not very defuse, and proliferous.    the leaf of this tree is acerose, 1/10th of an Inh in width, and ¾ of an Inch in length; is firm, stif and accuminate; they are triangular, a little declining, thickly scattered on all sides of the bough, but rispect the three uppersides only and are also sessile growing from little triangular pedestals of soft spungy elastic bark.    at the junction of the boughs, the bud-scales continue to incircle their rispective twigs for several yeas; at least three years is common and I have counted as many as the growth of four years beyond these scales.    this tree affords but little rosin.    it's cone I have not yet had an opportunity to discover altho' I have sought it frequently; the trees of this kind which we have felled have had no cones on them.—

 

      

February 4th 1806.  [3]

 

       Observed Meridian Altitude of ☉'s U. L. with Sextant by the direct observation    55° 59' 15"

 

       Latitude deduced from this observation    N. 46° 10' 16.3"

 

       By the mean of several observations found the error of the Sextant to be Subtractive    —° 5' 45"




[Clark] 
Tuesday February 4th 1806
 

       Serjt. Pryor with a party of 5 men Set out again in quest of the Elk which Drewyer had Killed. Drewyer also returned to continue the Chase in the Same quarter.    the Elk are in much better order in the point near the praries than they are in the woodey Country around us or up the Netul. in the praries they feed on grass and rushes, which are yet green.    in the woddey Countrey their food is huckleberry bushes, fern, and the Shal-lon an evergreen Shrub, which resembles the Lorel in Some measure; the last constitutes the greater part of their food and grows abundant through all the timbered Country, particularly the hill Sides and more broken parts of it. There are Several Species of Fir in this neighbourhood which I shall discribe as well as my botanicale Skill will enable me, and for the Convenience of Comparrison with each other Shall number them. (No. 1,) a Species which grows to an emence size; verry commonly 27 feet in Surcumferonce at 6 feet above the surface of the earth, and in Several instances we have found them as much a[s] 36 feet in the Girth, or 12 feet Diameter perfectly Solid & entire.    they frequently rise to the hight of 230 feet, and 120 or 130 of that hight without a limb.    this timber is white and Soft throughout and rives better than any other Species we have tried    the bark Shales off in arregular rounded flakes and is of a redish brown Colour, particularly of the younger growth, the Stem of this tree is simple branching, assending, not very defuse, and proliferous, the leaf of this tree is acerose ½ a line in width, and ¾ of an inch in length; is firm Stiff and accuminate; they are triangular, little declineing, thickly scattered on all Sides of the Bough, but respect the three upper Sides only Growing from little triangular pedistals of Soft Spungy Elastic bark.    at the junction of these bough's, the bud-scales continue to incircle the respective twigs for several years; at least 3 years in common and I have counted as maney as the growth of 4 years beyond these Scales.    this tree affords but little rozin.    it's cone I have not yet had an oppertunity to discover altho' I have Sought it frequently; the trees of this kind which we have fell'd have had no cones on them.—




[Ordway] 
 

       Tuesday 4th Feby. 1806.    a clear pleasant morning.    about noon the Six men Set out again with the canoe after the Elk meat    tide high.—




[Gass] 
 

       Tuesday 4th.    This was a fine clear morning. Last night the men, who had gone to carry the meat to the salt works returned, and brought us a bushel of salt. This day continued throughout clear and pleasant; and the 5th was a clear cool day. One of our hunters  [4] came in, who had killed 6 elk.




[Whitehouse] 
 

       Tuesday Febry 4th    A Clear plesant morning.    about Noon six of our men  [5] set out again from the fort with a Canoe to go for the Elk meat.    We had a very high tide this day.    The party at the Fort were employed in making & mending their Cloathes mockasins &ca.




 

1. Salal; see February 8, 1806. (Return to text.)

 

2. Sitka spruce, a species new to science. Cutright (LCPN), 259, 274, 414. It was encountered earlier on November 4, 1805, and called spruce pine. A dark vertical line runs through this passage, perhaps drawn by Biddle. (Return to text.)

 

3. Lewis's astronomical observation, found at the end of the previous day's entry. (Return to text.)

 

4. Reubin Field, say Lewis and Clark. (Return to text.)

 

5. Again led by Pryor, write Lewis and Clark. (Return to text.)












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