previous   |   next

[Lewis] 
Saturday May 3rd 1806.
 

       This morning we set out at 7 A. M. steered N. 25 E 12 ms. to Kimooenem Creek  [1] through a high level plain.    this creek is about 12 yds. wide pebbly bottom low banks and discharges a considerable body of water    it heads in the S. W. mountains and discharges itself into Lewis's river a few miles above the narrows.    the bottoms of this creek are narrow with some timber principally Cottonwood and willow.    the under brush such as mentioned on N. East Creek.  [2]    the hills are high and abrupt.    the land of the plains is much more fertile than below, less sand and covered with taller grass; very little of the aromatic shrubs appear in this part of the plain.  [3]    we halted and dined at this creek; after which we again proceeded N. 45 E. 3 M. through the high plain to a small creek  [4] 5 yds. wide branch of the Kimooenem C.    this stream falls into the creek some miles below.    the hills of this creek like those of the Kimooenem are high it's bottoms narrow and possess but little timber, lands of a good quality, a dark rich loam.  [5]    we continued our rout up this creek, on it's N. side. N. 75 E. 7 Ms.    the timber increases in quantity the hills continue high. East 4 Ms. up the creek.    here we met with We-ark-koomt  [6] whom we have usually distinguished by the name of the bighorn Cheif from the circumstance of his always wearing a horn of that animal suspended by a cord to he left arm.    he is the 1st Cheif of a large band of the Chopunnish nation.    he had 10 of his young men with him.    this man went down Lewis's river by land as we decended it by water last fall quite to the Columbia and I beleive was very instrumental in procuring us a hospitable and friendly reception among the natives.    he had now come a considerable distance to meet us.    after meeting this cheif we continued still up the creek bottoms N. 75. E. 2 m to the place at which the road leaves the creek and ascends the hills to the plain    here we encamped  [7] in small grove of cottonwood tree which in some measure broke the violence of the wind.    we came 28 ms. today.    it rained hailed snowed and blowed with great violence the greater portion of the day.    it was fortunate for us that this storm was from the S. W. and of course on our backs.    the air was very cold.    we divided the last of our dryed meat at dinner when it was consumed as well as the ballance of our dogs nearly    we made but a scant supper and had not anything for tomorrow; however We-ark-koomt consoled us with the information that there was an indian lodge on the river at no great distance where we might supply ourselves with provision tomorrow.    our guide and the three young Wallahwollahs left us this morning reather abruptly and we have seen nothing of them since.  [8]    the S. W. mountains  [9] appear to become lower as they proceede to the N. E.    this creek  [10] reaches the mountains.    we are nearer to them than we were last evening




[Clark] 
Saturday 3rd May 1806
 

       This morning we Set out at 7 A. M. Steared N. 25° E. 12 m. to Kimoo e nimm Creek through a high leavel plain    this Creek is 12 yds. wide pebbly bottom low banks and discharges a Considerable quanty of water    it head in the S W. Mountains and discharges it Self into Lewis's river a fiew miles Above the narrows.    the bottoms of this Creek is narrow with Some timber principally Cotton wood & Willow.    the under brush Such as mentioned in the N. E. Creek. The hills are high and abrupt.    the lands of the plains is much more furtile than below, less Sand and Covered with taller grass; very little of the aramatic Shrubs appear in this part of the plain.    we halted and dined at this Creek.    after which we again proceeded N. 45° E. 3 mes. through a high plain to a Small Creek 5 yds. wide, a branch of the Kimoenimm Creek.    the hills of this Stream like those of the Ki moo enimm are high its bottoms narrow and possess but little timber.    the land of a good quallity dark rich loam.    we Continued our rout up this Creek on it's N. Side N. 75° E 7 mes.    the timber increas in quantity    the hills continue high.    we met with the We arh koont whome we have usially distinguished by the name of the big horn Chief from the circumstance of his always wareing a horn of that animal Suspended by a Cord to his left arm.    he is a 1st Chief of a large band of the Chopunnish Nation.    he had ten of his young men with him.    this man Went down Lewis's river by Land as we decended it by water last fall quite to the Columbia, and I believe was very instremental in precureing us a hospital and friendly reception among the nativs.    he had now come a Considerable distance to meet us.    after meeting this Cheif we Continued Still up the Creek bottoms N. 75° E. 2 m. to the place at which the roade leaves the Creek and assends the hill to the high plains:    here we Encamped in a Small grove of Cotton trees which in some measure broke the violence of the wind.    we Came 28 miles today.    it rained, hailed, Snowed & blowed with Great Violence the greater portion of the day.    it was fortunate for us that this Storm was from the S. W. and of Course on our backs.    the air was very cold.    we devided the last of our dried meat at dinner when it was Consumed as well as the ballance of our Dogs nearly    we made but a Scant Supper, and had not anything for tomorrow; however We-ark-koomt Consoled us with the information that there was an Indian Lodge on the river at no great distnace where we might Supply our Selves with provisions tomorrow.    our Guide and the three young Wallah wallah's left us this morning reather abruptly and we have Seen nothing of them Sence.    the S W. Mountains appear to become lower as 〈we〉 they receed to the N E. This Creek reaches the mountains.    we are much nearer to them than we were last evening.    they are Covered with timber and at this time Snow.




[Ordway] 
 

       Saturday 3rd May 1806.    a little rain the later part of last night, and continues Showery and cold    a little hail & Snow intermixed.    one of the hunters horses broke his hobbles and got away.    about 7 we Set out    proceeded on over high plains and hills.    road bearing to the left from the branch.    the wind blew verry high and cold    Showers of hail & rain    about noon we descended a hill.    came on an other large creek  [11] where we halted to dine on the last of our meat.    our hunters Came up    had found the lost horse a long distance back the road.    our Indians went on this morning intending to git to the forks to day    considerable of Snow fell on the high hills Since yesterday.    we delayed about 1 hour & left the creek named ke-moo-e-nim Creek    ascended a high hill and procd. on over high plains.    crossed 2 creeks, and followed up the third creek  [12]    the big horn chief who we Saw at the big forks last fall met us    Several other Indians with him    he appeared verry glad to See us and turned back with us    we had considerable of hail & verry high winds.    in the evening we Camped having made 28 miles this day, having nothing to eat bought the only dog the Indians had with them.    the air is very cold.—




[Gass] 
 

       Saturday 3rd.    We had a wet uncomfortable morning, and when the horses were collected one was found missing, and one of our hunters went back after him, while the rest of us continued our journey. This morning our guide and the three other Indians went on ahead. We continued our route about 10 miles, when we struck a creek, having left the other entirely to our right; and halted. Our hunter came up with the horse. The wind was very high this forenoon, and rather cold for the season; with some rain. We continued about two hours and eat the last of our dried meat; and are altogether without other provisions, as our stock of dogs is exhausted, and we can kill no game in these plains. In the evening we met a chief and nine of his men, who appeared glad to see us. We encamped on a small branch or spring, as it was too far to go over the hills. The Indians say we can get over to-morrow by noon. The wind continued to blow hard and some snow showers fell in the afternoon.




 

1. Tucannon River, reached near the Columbia-Garfield county line, in Washington. See Atlas map 73, where the route appears as a dotted line. The Tucannon reaches the Snake in northwest Columbia County. Kimooenem may represent Nez Perce qemúynem, etymology and meaning unclear. See October 13, 1805. (Return to text.)

 

2. Either Touchet River or Patit Creek. (Return to text.)

 

3. Lewis's ecological observation describes the party's passage from the drier, shrub-steppe region of south-central Washington, characterized by the presence of sagebrush and rabbitbrush to a new vegetation zone, the steppe region. It is characterized by perennial bunchgrasses, such as bluebunch wheatgrass, Agropyron spicatum (Pursh) Scribn. & Smith, Idaho fescue, Festuca idahoensis Elmer, and Sandberg bluegrass. Franklin & Dyrness, 219–20. (Return to text.)

 

4. Pataha Creek, in Garfield County, nameless on Atlas map 73. (Return to text.)

 

5. The soils on the uplands adjacent to the stream are residual soils developed on Columbia River Basalt and volcanic ash from Cascade volcanoes. Weathered volcanic rocks typically form rich soils. (Return to text.)

 

6. His real name was Apash Wyakaikt, 'apáswahayqt, "flint necklace." Men of the same name, very likely his son and grandson, were later among the most prominent Nez Perce leaders, known to whites as Looking Glass, senior and junior. The last was a leading figure in the 1877 war, in which he was killed. Josephy (NP), 11; Ronda (LCAI), 221; Aoki (NPT), 123 ff. (Return to text.)

 

7. In Garfield County, on Pataha Creek east of Pataha City, near U.S. Highway 12 at about the point where the creek turns from a northerly to a westerly course. Atlas map 73. (Return to text.)

 

8. It was probably Biddle who placed a vertical line through this sentence. (Return to text.)

 

9. The Blue Mountains. (Return to text.)

 

10. Pataha Creek. (Return to text.)

 

11. Tucannon River, reached near the Columbia-Garfield county line, Washington. It is the party's Kimooenem, variously spelled. (Return to text.)

 

12. The last is Pataha Creek, in Garfield County. (Return to text.)












previous   |   next


Home  |  Search  |  Read the Journals  |  Additional Texts  |  Images  |  Maps  |  Multimedia
About This Project |  FAQ  |  Links  |  Print Editions  |  Copyright  |  Contact Us  |  Site Map