June 13, 1804
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

June 13, 1804


13th June Wednesday    〈Papers for the Secretary at War[2]    we Set out early    passed a verry round bend to L. S. [3]    passed two Creeks 1 me. apt. Called Creeks of the round Bend, [4] between those Creeks Stbd S. is a butifull Prarie, in which the antient Missourie Indians had a Village, [5]    at this place 300 of them were killed by the Saukees, a fair Day.    Passed the antient Missouries villages on right    Course N 40° W 2½ pt. L S., S 29° W 3 ms. pt. S. S., this nation once the Most Noumerous is now almost extinct, about 30 of them, liveing with Otteaus on the R. Platt, the remainder all distroyed, took altd. of S. U L with qdt. which gave N 28 W. 1½ ms to a pt. S. S.    Passed some Charming land, I have not Seen any high hils above Charliton [Chariton River] and the hils below for Several days Cannot to turmed hills but high Land, not exceeding 100 abov the high water mark    N 30° W, to a pt. L. S. 2 ms.    passed a verry bad Sand bar, where the boat was nearly turning & fastening in the quick Sand and came too in the mouth of Grand R. S. S. [6] this River is about 120 yards wide and navagable for Purogues a great distance, it heads with the River Dumoine [Des Moines] [7]St. Peters〉, passing the river 〈Dumn.〉 Carlton. [Chariton]    a Butifull open Prarie Coms to the river below its mouth, we landed and walked to the hills which is abt. ½ a mile.    the Lower prarie over flows.    the hunters Killd. a Bare & Dere, this is a butifull place    the Prarie rich & extinsive, Took Some Looner Observations which Kept Cap L. & my Self up untill half past 11 oClock.


We Set out early    passed a round bend to the S. S. and two Creeks Called the round bend Creeks    between those two Creeks and behind a Small willow Island in the bend is a Prarie in which the Missouries Indians once lived and the Spot where 300 [NB: 200] of them fell a Sacrifise to the fury of the Saukees    This nation (Missouries) once the most noumerous nation in this part of the Continent now reduced to about 80 fes. [8] and that fiew under the protection of the Otteaus [NB: Ottoes ] on R Platt who themselves are declineing    passed Som willow Isds. and bad Sand bars, Twook Medn. altitude with Octent back observation    it gave for altd. on its Low L 36° 58' 0" the E [error] Enstrement 2° 00' 00" +.    the Hills or high land for Several days past or above the 2 Charletons does not exceed 100 foot    passed a Batteau [9] or Sand roleing where the Boat was nearly turning over by her Strikeing & turning on the Sand. We came too in the Mouth of Grand River on S. S. and Camped for the night, this River is 〈about〉 from 80 to 100 yards wide at its Mouth and navagable for Perogues a great distance    This river heads with the R. Dumoine    below its mouth is a butifull Plain of bottom land    the hills rise at ½ a mile back    The lands about this place is either Plain or over flown bottom    Capt Lewis and my Self walked to the hill from the top of which we had a butifull prospect of Serounding Countrey    in the open Prarie we Caught a racoon, our hunters brought in a Bear & Deer    we took Some Luner observation this evening.

Missouri River near Mouth of Osage River and West,
ca. June 13, 1804, Field Notes, reverse of document 18
Beinecke Library, Yale University

Course & Distance 13 June 1804
N. 40° W 2 ½ Ms. to a pt. L. S.
S. 39° W. 3 ms. to a pt. S. S.    psd. 2 Creeks
N. 28 W 1 ½ Ms. to a pt. Stbd. S.
N. 30 W 2 ms. to a pt. L. S. opsd. Gd. R
  9 ms.  

On the S. side of an Island near it's upper point two miles below the mouth of the Grand river.—

Observed meridian Altd. of ☉'s L. L. with Octant by the back observatn.    35° 58' 00"

(Point of observation No. 8.)
Wednesday June 13th

At the mouth of the Grand River.

Observed time and distance of ☽ from Spica ♍ ★ East.

  Time     Distance    
  h m s      
P. M. 9 17 49.5 39° 36' —"
  " 22 38 " 28
  " 32 40 " 24
  " 41 39 " 20 45
  " 47 8 " 17 32
  " 59 48.5 " 11 45
  h m s      
P. M. 10 14 19 39° 1' 30"
  " 18 47 " 30
  " 21 51 38 58 15
  " 27 12 " 56 30
  " 39 34 " 53 00
  " 45 41 " 48
  h m s      
P. M. 10 54 38 38° 41' 45"
  " 59 49 " 39
  11 3 8 " 37 30
  " 6 44 " 36 45
  " 10 40 " 34 00
  " 16 " 31 45

Wednesday June 13th 1804.    fair morning    we set out eairly.    passed the Creek of the praries, [11] large praries above the Creek.    verry excellent land    we passed a Creek Called Round bend Creek on N. Side    passd. prarie on the South Side of the River.    we arrived at Grand River in good Season to encamp. Beautiful prarie across 〈from〉 in the point Between the Missouri & Grand River    high Land Back from the River, it being on the N. Side of River


wensday June 13th 1804    Set out at 6 oclock and Came 1 ½ miles    past a Creek on the N. Side Calleded River missorea [12]    Just above the Creek a Large Praria of Good Land on the N Side    at this Praria antient Missourie Indianes had a village    at this place 300 of them were Killed by the Saukees [13] in former times [14]    a fair day    past the Grand River on the N. Side    〈the〉 Land is level on Both Sides    a handsom Prarie on the Loer Side of it    water Strong    past Several Isd. Came 10 miles    the Grand River is about 300 and 50 yads wide and Boates Can Go for Som hundreds of miles up it    ouer hunters Killed yesterday and to day 1 Bar, 2 Deer    encampted at the mouth of the Grand River on the N. Side of the River


Wednesday 13th.    We proceeded early on our voyage; passed a small creek on the north side in a long bend of the river; and encamped at the mouth of Grand river on the North side. This is as handsome a place as I ever saw in an uncultivated state.


Wendy 13th    Got On Our way at the three point Island Or the falling 〈Do〉 Banks whare all hands Breakfasted belonging to the three Crafts—    On the Oppisite Shore S. W. Side neer two or about 2 Oclock the Barge Struck a Sandbar    She Keeld On her labord    the Sand being Quick Vanquishd Suddently from 〈her〉 Under her    the Currant Being Rappid Neerly Swept the men of their legs while Bearing her up from Sinquing.    Got to the Grand River at three Oclock    our hunters met us there with a bear and Some Venison    Incampd. there    Roed 14 Miles    this venison is [nice?] [15]

Wednesday June 13th    This Morning we set out early from the three point Island, we proceeded on till about 2 oClock P. M. on the South west side of the River, our Boat struck on a sand barr; she grounded on her larbourd side, the place being a quicksand and the current running strong.    The sand vanquish'd quick from under her, & so suddenly; that the Men on the deck were nearly swept off their legs, whilst they were bearing the boat up from sinking, At 3 o'Clock P. M. we arrived at the Mouth of the grand River, where we was met by the hunters we had sent out; who brought with them a Bear and some Venison which they had killed.    The Mesouri River running from the North [16] West.    We encamp'd at this place, having rowed 14 Miles this day.—

Grand River lays in Latitude 38° 47' 54 North—

1. Some figures are written to the side of this entry: 2½, 3, 1½, 2, and a total of 9. (back)
2. The words crossed out are immediately under the date. Possibly Clark intended to write here a list of papers to be sent back to Secretary Henry Dearborn with the intended return party. (back)
3. It would appear that this bend in Chariton County, Missouri, was cut off by a change in the course of the Missouri River later in the nineteenth century. The curve and a remaining lake are quite evident on MRC map 10. It was later known as Bowling Green Bend. Coues (HLC), 1:22 n. 48. (back)
4. One of those was probably later Palmer Creek. Ibid.; MRC map 10. (back)
5. The Missouris, or Missourias, called after the river, when first noticed in 1673 were situated at the mouth of the Grand River (see below, n. 6) in Missouri, about where Clark places the village here. They are said to have been a large and important tribe before they were almost annihilated during the latter half of the eighteenth century by Mississippi River tribes, particularly the Sauks and the Fox. Their earliest known village was near Miami Landing, now called the Utz site. Eventually they moved to the southwestern tip of Saline County, to a spot known as the Gumbo Point site. See also notes for June 15. By about 1798 they were forced to move up the Missouri River into Nebraska, to join the culturally related Otos; both tribes spoke the Siouan language of the Chiwere group and had economies based on hunting and horticulture. Henceforward the two tribes acted together and were treated by the United States as one. The last full-blooded Missouri is said to have died in Oklahoma in 1907. Chapman (OM); Hodge 1:911–12; Irving (IS); Bray (MIT). (back)
6. Grand River, one of the principal streams of northern Missouri, forms the boundary between Carroll and Chariton counties where it meets the Missouri River. It appears likely that the mouth of the Grand in 1804 was farther north above present Brunswick. It is not clear on which side of the Grand they camped. Nicollet (MMR), 361 ; MRC map 10. (back)
7. The headwaters of the Grand and its principal tributary, the Thompson River, are near the heads of the South and Middle Des Moines in southern Iowa. Petersen, 301–5. (back)
8. This may be an abbreviation for "fires," that is, families. Thwaites (LC), 1:47. (back)
9. Clark probably refers again to a bature, a sandy beach on the inside curve in a river. See June 4, 1804. (back)
10. This entry and the next are Lewis's observations from Codex O. Proceeding this date is the symbol for the planet Mercury. (back)
11. This may be the first of the "round bend Creeks." See Clark's and Floyd's entries of this day. (back)
12. Perhaps Palmer Creek, Chariton County, Missouri. Floyd's name, somewhat strange, is not used by others; Clark called it (with other streams at this point), "round bend Creeks." (back)
13. Sauk Indians. (back)
14. "Missourie Indianes" and the passage of "village    at this place . . . in former times" was underlined in red by an unknown hand. (back)
15. This last sentence appears to be in the hand of No. 3. (back)
16. "North" is written over "South." (back)