State of the
State of the
4 P. M.
4 P. M.
|1st||c a f||N W||f||N W|
|2cd||f||S E||f||S E|
|3rd||f||S E||f||N W|
|4th||f||S E||f||N W|
|5th||f||N E||f||S W|
|6th||f||N E||f||S W|
|7||c a r T & L.||S W||c a f & r||W|
|9th||c a r||N. E.||r.||N. E.|
|10th||f a r||N W.||f||W.|
|11th||f||N W||f||N. W.|
|12th||f||N W||f||N W|
|13th||f||N E||f||N E|
|14th||f||S W||f||S W|
|16th||f||S W||f||S W|
|17th||f a T L||S W||f||S W|
|18th||f||S W||f||N E|
|19th||f||S E||f||N E|
|22cd||f||S E||f||N. E.|
|23rd||f a T & L||S E||f||S W|
|24th||c a r T & L||N W||c a r t L||N W.|
|25th||c a r||N W||c a r||N W|
|26th||c a r||N||f||N W|
|27th||f||N W||f||S W|
|28th||f a r T & L.||N E||c a f h r T & L||N E|
|29th||r a r T & L—||S W||c a r||N E|
|30th||r a r||N E||r||N E|
|31st||c a r||N E||r||N W|
|1st||a speceis of wild clover with a small leaf just in blume.|
|3rd||the turtle dove  lays it's eggs on the ground in these plains and is now
seting, it has two eggs only and they are white.
|5th||a great number of pigeons breeding in this part of the mountains
musquetoes not so troblesome as near Clark's river. some ear flies 
of the common kind and a few large horse flies. 
|6th||the last night cold with a very heavy dew.|
|7||a cloud came on about sunset and continued to rain moderately all
night. rained at 3 P. M.
|8th||heavy white frost last night. very cold.|
|9th||rained slightly last night. air cold. rained constantly all day air
extreemly cold it began to rain about 8 A. M. and continued with
but little intermission all day in the evening late it abated and we ob-
tained a view of the mountains we had just pased they were covered
with snow apparrently several feet deep which had fallen during this
|10th||rain ceased a little after dark.|
|11th||wind very hard in the latter part of the day|
|12th||wind violent all last night and today untill 5 P. M. when it ceased in
|16th||Saw the Cookkoo or rain crow and the redheaded woodpecker.  the
golden rye  now heading. both species of the prickly pare  in
blume.— the sunflower in blume.
|17th||wind violent all day. distant thunder last evening to the West.|
|23rd||a distant thundercloud last evening to the west. mountains covered
|24th||a violent gust of thunder Lightning last evening at 6 P. M. rain and
wind all night untill this evening with some intervales.
|25th||rained and wind violent all day and night.|
|26th||wind violent rain continues.|
|28th||a thundershower last night from N. W. but little rain where we were.
heavy hail storm at 3 P. M. the prickly pear has now cast it's blume
|29th||heavy rain last night, continued with small intervales all night|
|30th||rained almost without intermission|
|31st||do do do do|
at Sun rise
at 4 P. M
4 P M.
|1st||c a f||N W||f.||N W|
|2cd||f.||S E||f||N. W|
|3rd||f.||S E||f||S W|
|4th||f.||S W||f.||S W|
|5th||f.||N. E.||f.||S W.|
|6th||f.||S W.||c. a. r. T. & L||S W|
|7th||c. a. r||W.||f. a. r||S W by W|
|8th||f. a. r||W.||f.||S W|
|9th||c.||S W.||f.||S W|
|10th||f.||S. E.||f.||S W.|
|11th||f.||S E||f.||N N E|
|12th||f.||S E.||f.||N W|
|13th||f.||S S E||f.||N E|
|14th||f.||N W||f.||N W|
|15th||f.||S E. by E||f.||N E|
|16th||c.||N E||c.||N. E|
|17th||f. a. r. h. T. & L.||S E||f.||S W|
|18th||f.||S W||f.||S E|
|19th||f.||N W||f.||S E|
|20th||f.||N E||f.||N E|
|21st||f.||N E||c.||N. E.|
|22nd||f. a. T. L & r||N E||c.||N. E|
|23rd||f.||N. E.||c.||S E|
|24th||f.||S W||r.||S W.|
|25th||c.||E||c. a r||S W|
|26th||c.||S S W||f a. r.||N W.|
|27th||f.||N. E.||f.||S W.|
|28th||C a f r||N E||f.||N. W.|
|29th||c. a. r. T. & L||N. E||f.||N.|
|30th||f. a. r. T. L||N. W.||f. a. r.||S. E|
|31st||f.||N W.||c. a. r||N E|
|1st||a Species of wild Clover in blume|
|2nd||Musquetors very troublesom|
|3rd||Cap L. & my Self part at Travellers rest.|
|4th||a worm day. I saw a Speces of Honeysuckle  with a redish brown
flower in blume
|5th||Cool night. Some dew this morning  the nights are Cool. the
musquetors are troublesome untill a little after dark when the
air become Cool and Musquetoes disappear.
|6th||cold night with frost. I slept cold under 2 blankets on head of
Clarks river. I arived in an open plain in the middle of which a
violent Wind from the N W. accompanied with hard rain which
lasted from 4 untill half past 5 P. M. quawmash in those plains
at the head of wisdom River is just begining to blume and the
grass is about 6 inches high.
|7th||Saw a blowing Snake.  a violent rain from 4 to ½ past 5 last
evening & Some rain in the latter part of last night. a small
Shower of rain at 4 this morning accompanied with wind from
the S. S. W.
|8th||a Small Shower of rain a little after dark a heavy rain and
wind from S W. at 4 P. M yesterday  a heavy Shower of rain
accompanied with rain from the S W. from 4 to 5 P M. passed
the boiling hot Springs emerced 2 peces of raw meat in the
Spring and in 25 Minits the Smallest pece was sufficiently cooked
and in 32 the larger was also sufficiently cooked
|9th||Hard frost. Some ice this morning. last night was very Cold
and wind hard from the N E. all night. The river is 12 inches
higher than it was last Summer when we made the deposit here
and portage from this place. more Snow on the adjacent moun-
tains than was at that time.
|10th||white frost this morning. ice ¾ of an inch thick on Standing
water. grass killd by the frost. river falling proceviable. a
large white frost last night. the air extreemlly Cold. Ice ¾ of
an inch thick on Standing water.
|11th||frost this morning. goslins nearly grown fishing hawks  have
their young The yellow Current nearly ripe. a Slight frost
last night. the air Cool. the Musquetors retired a little after
dark, and did not return untill about an hour after Sunrise.
|12th||wisdom river is high but falling. Prickly pears in blume|
|14th||Saw a Tobaco worm  shown me by York|
|15th||Struck the river Rochejhone 120 yds wide water falling a little|
|16th||Saw the wild indigo & common sunflower|
|17th||Heavy showers of rain Hard Thunder & Lightning last night
a heavy Shower of rain accompanied with hail Thunder and
Lightning at 2 a. m. with hard wind from the S W. after the
Shower was over it Cleared away and became fair.
|18th||yellow, purple, & black Currents ripe and abundant|
|19th||Saw the 1st Grape vine  of the dark purple kind the grape
|20th||Sworms of grass hoppers have eaten the grass of the plains for
many miles. The River Rochejhone falls about ½ an in in 24
hours and becoms much Clearer than above. The Grass hop-
pers are emencely noumerous and have distroyed every Species
of grass from one to 10 Miles above on the river & a great dis-
|21st||river falls a little and the water is nearly Clear|
|22nd||raind Slightly last evening about dark with hard winds Thun-
der & lightning a fiew drops of rain last night at dark. the
Cloud appd. to hang to the S W, wind blew hard from different
points from 5 to 〈7〉 8 P M which time it thundered and Light-
ened. The river by 11 a. m. to day had risen 15 inches, and the
water of a milky white Colour.
|23rd||violent wind last night from S W. The river has fallen within the
last 24 hours 7 inches. the wind was violent from the S W for
about 3 hours last night from the hours of 1 to 3 A. M.
|24th||Violent wind last night. river falling a little Since the last rise
it had fallen 13 inches. river falling a little it is 6 feet lower
than the highest appearance of it's rise. Rained from 3 to 4 P M
but Slightly. the wind violent from the S. W. (Sgt. Pryor
crossd and Set out for the Mandans.[)]
|25th||rained from 3 to 4 P M yesterday but Slight. rained Several
Showers Several Showers of rain with hard winds from the S
and S W the fore part of the day. the brooks on each Side are
high and water muddye.
|26th||a Slight Shower this morning with hard wind from the S. W.
The river falling, but very Slowly 1 inch in 24 hs.
|27th||Saw a flight of gulls,  a Small rattle Snake  Several flocks of
Crows & black burds. 
|28th||a fiew drops of rain this morning a little before day light. river
Still falling a little Bratten Coet [caught] a beaver Labeech
Shot 2 last evenig. I saw a wild Cat  lying on a log over the
|29th ||a fiew drops of rain accompanied with hard Claps of Thunder
and Sharp lightning last night wind hard from the N. E.
|30th||Great number of Swallows,  they have their young. Killed 1s
black tail deer. young gees beginning to fly a Slight Shower
of rain accompanied with thunder and lightning. Several Show-
ers in the course of this day. it cleared away in the evening and
became fair river falling a little. Great quantities of Coal ap-
pear in the bluffs on either Side. Some appearance of Burnt
hills at a distance from the river. 
|31st||rained only a fiew drops last night. a Small Showers to day.
wind hard from the N E The wind blew hard and it was Show-
ery all day tho not much rain. the clouds came up from the W.
and N W frequently in course of the day.