September 6, 1803
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

September 6, 1803


The fogg was as thick as usual this morning    detained us untill ½ past 7 O'C. when we set out—    observed the Thermometer in the air to stand at 71° water 73°—    the fogg continued even with small difference between temperature of the air and water    [s]truck on a riffle which we got over with some difficulty and in the distance of two miles and a half passed 4 others three of which we were obliged to drag over with horses; the man charged me the exorbitant price of two dollars for his trouble.—    got on pretty well to Steuwbenville, [1] which we past at 2 Oc. being 6 M. from encam[pment]    hoisted our fore sale    found great relief from it    we run two miles in a few minutes when the wind becoming so strong we were obliged to hall it in lest it should carry away the mast, but the wind abating in some measure we again spread it; a sudan squal broke the sprete [sprit] and had very nearly carried away the mast, after which we firled an[d] secured it tho' the wind was so strong as to carry us pretty good speed by means of the arning and firled sails.—    struck on a riffle about two miles below the town    hoisted our mainsail to assist in driving us over the riffle    the wind blew so heard as to break the spreat of it, and now having no assistance but by manual exertion and my men woarn down by perpetual lifting I was obliged again to have recourse to my usual resort and sent out in serch of horses or oxen—    Stewbenville a small town situated on the Ohio in the state of Ohio about six miles above Charlestown in Virginia and 24 above Wheeling—is small well built thriving place    has several respectable families residing in it, five years since it was a wilderness—    the oxen arrived    got off with difficulty    the oxen drew badly however with their assistance we got over two other riffles which lyed just below; we preceeded about a mile and a half further and encamped on the west bank having made ten miles this day.— [2]

1. Steubenville, Jefferson County, Ohio, Ohio was founded by Bezaleel Wells in 1797 on the site of Fort Steuben (established 1787); it was named for Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian drillmaster of the American Revolution. Thwaites (EWT), 4:107–8 and n. 67; Ohio Guide, 319–23; Cramer (6th), 45. (back)
2. In Jefferson County, about four miles below Steubenville. Quaife (MLJO), 37 n. 2. (back)