December 7, 1803
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

December 7, 1803


A Dark rainey morning with hard wind at N, E, upon which point it blew all the last night accompanyd. with rain—    Set out a quarter past 7 oClock, the wing [wind] much against us    (1) passed a Small Island near the middle of the river; about 10 oClock the wind changed to the S, E, and gave us an oppertunity to Sailing    (2) passd an Island on the Starbd Side, at 12 oClock the wind was So violent as to take off one of the Mast's    (3) passed Small Village above the mouth of a large Creek,    This Village is Called Viele Pauchr [1] and Contains [blank] families of French, Situated about 4 miles below St. Louis on the Same Side, The high land continue to day on the Larbd. Side, I came to at 3 oClock at the Kohokia Landing, [2] which is at the mouth of Kohokia Creek ¾ of a mile from the Town, and in view of St Louis which is about 2 ½ miles distant.

Decr. 7th Course Distance &c. of the River
Course Time Distance Remks. & referncs.
  h m    
N. 31° E. 1 45   2 0 To a pt. on Lbd. Side, passd several Sand bars.
N. 20° E. 2 40   3 ½ To a pt. on Lbd. Side passg. a Small Isle: (1)    passd.
an Is. on Stbd. Side (2)    wind & rain continue.
N. 12° E. 1 20   4 ¾ To a pt. on Stbd Sd. passd. a Creek Lbd. Sd. mast
N. 32° E. 1 46   3 ¼ To pt. at mo: Kohokia Creek Stbd side    (3) passd.
a small village above a creek on Lbd side.
  7 31 13 ½  
1. The creek is River des Peres, which enters the Mississippi in St. Louis County, Missouri, a few miles above the Meramec River. "Viele Pauchr" is Clark's version of the French "Vide Poche" (empty pocket), a derisive name for the town of Carondelet, perhaps descriptive of its declining fortunes in comparison to neighboring St. Louis. Carondelet (after bearing various earlier names) was named for François Luis Hector, Baron de Carondelet, Spanish governor of Louisiana from 1791 to 1797. By Clark's time it may have numbered 250 residents. The town has now been absorbed by St. Louis. Houck, 2:63–64; Thwaites (EWT), 22:215 and n. 1224. (back)
2. Cahokia, in St. Clair County, is the oldest town in Illinois (although Fort Crèvecoeur has also been claimed to be the first permanent village. See Alvord, 100). Today it has been virtually absorbed by East St. Louis. The name comes from a small band of the Illinois confederacy. By 1800 the population was over 700, but with the rise of St. Louis, and East. St. Louis, the town declined. McDermott (OC); Hodge, 1:185–86; Illinois Guide, 492–93. (back)