November 1804
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

November 1804

Day of
the Month
at ☉


Wind at
at 4
P. M.


Wind at
4 P. M.

or fall


Novr. 1 31 f N. W. 47 f N. W.      
         2 32 f S E 63 f S E      
         3 32 f N. W. 53 f N. W.      
         4 31 f N W 43 c W.      
         5 30 c N. W 58 c N W      
         6 31 c S W 43 c W      
         7 43 c S 62 c S      
         8 38 c S 39 c W.      
           9th 27 f N W 43 f N W      
           10th 34 f N W 36 c N. W      
           11th 28 f N W 60 f N W      
        12 18 f N. 31 f N E      
        13 18 s S E 28 c a s S E        f [2] 1 ½
        14 24 s S E 32 c a s S E r 1  
        15 22       c [3] N W 31 c a s N W r   ½
        16 25 c N W 30 f S E r   ¼
        17 28 f S. E 34 f S E r   ¼
        18 30 f S E 38 f W r   ¼
        19 32 f N W 48 f N W r 1  
        20 35 f N. W. 50 f W r 1 ¼
        21 33 c S 49 f S E r    
        22 37 f W 45 f N W r   ½
        23 38 f W 48 f N W      
        24 36 f N W 34 f N W      
        25 34 f W 32 f S W      
        26 15 f S W 21 f W      
        27 10 f S E 19 c S E f 3  
        28 12 s S E 15 s E f 4  
        29 14 c a s N E 18 f W f 2 ½
        30 17 f W 23 f W f    
[Remarks] [4]
Novr. 1st the winds blue so heard this day that we could not decend the
river [5] untill after 5 P.M. when [6] we left our
2nd the boat droped down to our winter station & formed a camp
I 〈went〉 ascended to the lower mandane vilage
3rd wind blew hard all day—Mr. Jessome arrived with his Squaw [7]
employed a Frenchman—    sent out 6 hunters in a Perogue— [8]
[4] wind hard this evening. [9]
5th drew Mr. Gravlins instructions &c. and discharged two of my
6th some little hail about noon—    Mr. Gravlin received his in-
structions and departed in a perogue with Premo; [10] Lajuness
and two french boys for the recares.
7th a few drops of rain this evening—    saw the arrora. borialis at
10 P. M.    it was very briliant in perpendiculer collums fre-
quently changing position—
8th Since we have been at our present station the River has fallen
about nine inches
9th very head frost this morning—
10th many Gees passing to the South—    saw a flock of the crested
cherry birds passing to the south [11]
13th large quanty of drift ice running this morning    the river has
every appearance of closing for winter
16th very hard frost this morning [12] attatched to the limbs and
boughs of the trees—
17th the frost of yesterday remained on the trees untill 2 P. M.
when it descended like a shower of snow—    swans passing
from the N.
19th the hunters arrived with a perogue loaded with fine meat—
the runing ice had declined
20th little soft ice this morning; that from the board[er] of the
river came down in such manner as to endanger the boat.
21st Mr. Charbona arrived, we got into our hut yesterday eve-
25th set out with Charbono and Jessome to visit the Indian hunt-
ing camps.    spent the evening with the black mockersons the
Prince. Cheif of the little Vilage grosventres. [13]
26th wind bleue verry hard, visited the upper camp of the big
and returned to the lower camp [14] where I had slept
the preceeding night—
27th much drift ice running in the river—    returned to (camp)
the fort in company with two chiefs and a warrior [15]
28th the Indians left us late in the evening on their return
29th the snow fell 8 inches deep—    it drifted in heeps in the open
growns—    visited by Mr. La Rock, [16] a trader.—
30th the indians pass over the river on the ice—    Capt Clark visits
the Mandanes with a party of men. [17]
1. Lewis's weather table comes from his Weather Diary; Clark's table is in Codex C. Lewis is followed here, with some variations by Clark being noted. (back)
2. Lewis here resumes noting the fall and rise of the river, which was only possible while they remained in one place during the day. (back)
3. From this point through the rest of the month and into December Lewis has transposed his "Weather" and "Wind at ☉ rise" columns, putting the information in the wrong place. The information has been rearranged to avoid confusion. (back)
4. The remarks are from Lewis Weather Diary, with substantial variations in Clark's Codex C noted. The dates are Clark's, since he wrote his remarks separately and Lewis placed his beside his weather table. Someone has crossed out Clark's remarks, except those for the first, seventh, eighth, ninth, and thirteenth. (back)
5. Clark inserts "to a proper place to camp" here. (back)
6. Here Clark has "the Boat droped down." (back)
7. Here Clark adds "& child." (back)
8. Clark adds "wind hard this evening." (back)
9. Clark has no remarks for this date. (back)
10. This must be Paul Primeau. It is not clear if the two French boys were listed as engagés, were with the expedition as unlisted choreboys, or were encountered at the Mandan villages. Primeau and La Jeunesse were probably the two hands discharged on November 5. (back)
11. Probably cedar waxwings, Bombycilla cedromm [AOU, 619]. Lewis calls them "cherry or cedar birds" in his weather remarks for April 6, 1805, giving a brief description. The species was not named until 1807. Burroughs, 254–55. (back)
12. Clark's remark ends here. (back)
13. Clark notes that Lewis set out, and has "Big Bellies" instead of "grosventres." (back)
14. From here Clark has "& passed a Second night," apparently writing in the first person although he is clearly describing Lewis's activities. (back)
15. Clark again writes as if in the first person, although describing Lewis's activities. (back)
16. From here Clark writes, "a Clerk of the N W Company." (back)
17. From here Clark, writing of himself in the third person, says "to assit them in defenc of the Sioux who had killed one man wounded 2 & taken maney horses. returned in the evening on the ice." (back)