Weather, February 1805
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

Weather, February 1805


Day of
the Month
State of
the Ther.
at ☉


Wind at
☉ rise

at 4 oCk.

Weather [2]

Wind at
4 oCk.
P. M.
State of the
River at ☉ rise
raise or                       
fallen    Feet    Inches
Febr 1 6 a c N W 16 a f N W    r                     2½
        2 12 b f N W 3 a f. S.    f                     1 
           3d 8 b f S W 2 a f W.  
        4 18 b f N W 9 b. f W.  
        5 10 a f N W 20 a f N W    r.                     1 
        6 4 b f N W 12 a f W    r                       ½
        7 18 a f S E 29 [3] c S    r                       ½
        8 18 a f N W 28 a c N E    f                     1 
        9 10 a f S E 33 a c. S E  
      10 18 a c a s N W 12 a c N W  
      11 8 b f N W 2 b f N W  
      12 14 b f S E 2 a f W.  
      13 2 b c S E 10 a c N W    f                     1 
      14 2 a c a s N W 2 b f N W  
      15 16 b. f S. W. 6 b. f W.  
      16 2 a f S. E 8 a f W    f                     1 
      17 4 a c S. E 12 a f N W f [4]                     ½
      18 4 a s N E 10 a. f S.  
      19 4 a f S. E 20 a f S  
      20 2 a f S. 22 a f S  
      21 6 a f S 30 a f S  
      22 8 a c N 32 a c. a r & s N W [5]  
      23 18 a f N W 32 a f W    r                       ½
      24 8 a f N W 32 a f W.  
      25 16 a f W. 38 a f N. W  
      26 20 a f N. E 31 a f N.  
      27 26 a f S E 36 a f E    f                       ½
      28 24 a f E 38 a c S E  
[Remarks] [6]
  [4] Capt. Clark set out on a hunting party with 18 men
  [5] visited by many of the savages today.—
February 8th visited by the black Cat who dined with me    the Black &
white & Speckled woodpecker [7] has returned—
  [9] visited by Mr. McKinsey, very little snow
  [10] Mr. Mckinsey leaves me    Charbono returns with out
horses or meat
  [12] Capt. Clark and party returned from hunting
  14th The Snow fell 3 Inches deep last night
  [15] Lewis Set out in pursute of a party of Souis who forced 2
horses from a party (Dispatched after meat on the river
below) with 24 men
  [17] the Indians who went with Capt Lewis returned last
night—    Visited by Mr. McKinsey
  [18] Mr. McKinsey liave me
  [21] Cap Lewis return with about 3, 1〈00〉 w of meat
  [23] got the poplar perogue out of the ice. [8]
  [24] loosed the boat & large perogue from the ice.
  [25] Visited by the principall Chiefs of the Mar-har-ha & the
Min-ne-tar-re—Matehartar.—    also Mr. Bunch, engage
of the H B Copy
  [26] got the Boat and perogus on the bank
  27th got the Boat and Perogues on the bank.
  [28] Mr. Gravlin arrived with some Ricaras & two frenchmen
1. This weather table follows Lewis's in his Weather Diary, with discrepancies between it and Clark's table in Codex C being noted. Clark wrote the remarks in the Weather Diary for Februrary 15–21 and probably also the table for those dates. (back)
2. Lewis reversed the "Weather" and "Wind at 4 oCk. P. M." columns, as he had done with the latter part of January 1805 on the same pages, through February 24. The error is corrected here to avoid confusion. (back)
3. This temperature is "29 a" in Clark's Codex C table. (back)
4. Lewis has no indication of rise or fall, but gives the figure "½"; Clark gives neither rise nor fall nor a figure. (back)
5. Clark's wind direction here is either blank or illegible. (back)
6. The remarks here follow Lewis's Weather Diary; Clark evidently wrote those for February 15, 17, 18, and 21. In Codex C Clark wrote remarks only for the eighth and fourteenth; his dates are used there. (back)
7. The yellow-bellied sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius [AOU, 402], has been suggested, Holmgren, 33. (back)
8. Perhaps the only evidence of what sort of wood either pirogue was made of; from the remark of the next day this would be the smaller, or white, pirogue. See Saindon (WP). Since it is unclear when the captains obtained the white pirogue, it can not be determined what sort of "poplar" is meant. It may have been a variety of Populus, but could have been constructed in the East from a variety of Liriodendron, tulip-poplar. Maximilian called attention to the use of the tulip-poplar for carpentry work in Ohio in 1833 and noted that it was locally known as "poplar." Maximilian Journal, January 4, 1833, The InterNorth Art Foundation Collection, Center for Western Studies, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha. See also September 4, 1803. Moulton (NWP). On March 27 (given as March 28) Clark mentions cottonwood in connection with the pirogues, but it is unclear whether he means the construction of the vessels or the additions being made to them. In fact, he may have been referring only to the newly constructed canoes. (back)