June 6, 1804
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June 6, 1804


Mended our Mast this morning and Set out at 7 oClock, under a Jentle Braise from the S, E by S    N 28° W 3½ miles to a hill on St Sd. pass:g the N: belge of the Island Called Split rock Island, the river rose last night a foot    the Countrey about this Isd. is delightfull    large rush bottom of rushes below on the St. Side    N 49° W, 1½ Ms. to the mouth of Split rock 〈Creek〉 River [2] [blank] yds. wide on the Starboard Side opod. the pt. of a Isd: passed a place in the projecting rock Called the hole    thro' the rock, a 〈Small〉 round Cave pass thro the Pt. of rock's    West 1½ ms. to a pt. on Std. Sd. opposit a Clift of rocks abt 200 foot    N 31° W. 4 ms ½ to a pt. on L: Side    passed Saline Creek [3] on the L. Side    a large Salt Lick & Spring 9 me. up the Creek, one bushel of water will make 7 lb. of good Salt

(Information)    Took Meridian altitude of ☉ Limb. 37° 6' 0" equat to [blank] of Lattidude.

on this Creek [Saline], So great a no of Salt Springs are on it that the water is brackish    N 51° W to a Belge of an Isd [4] on the S. Sd. at 3 ms. Passed a Willow Isd. in Middle, Some wind in the after part of to day from the S E, (the Banks are falling in greatly in this part of the river) as also is one Side or the other in all the Course, we assended on the North Side of the Isd. and finding that the perogues Could not Keep up Camped 2 hs. by Sun. on the Sd Sd [5]    the land below this is good.


Mended our Mast this morning &, Set out at 7 oClock under a jentle breise from S. E. by S    passed the large Island, and a Creek Called Split rock Creek at 5 ms. on the S. S. psd. a place to the rock from which 20 yds we.    this Creek takes its name, a projecting rock with a hole thro: a point of the rock, at 8 ms. passed the mouth of a Creek Called Saline or Salt 〈Creek〉 R on the L. Sd. this 〈Creek〉 River is about 30 yds. wide, and has So many Licks & Salt Springs on its banks that the Water of the Creek is Brackish, one Verry large Lick is 9 ms. up on the left Side    the water of the Spring in this Lick is Strong as one bushel of the water is said to make 7 lb. of good Salt    passed a large Isd. & Several Small ones, the water excessivly Strong, So much So that we Camped Sooner than the usial time to waite for the pirogue, The banks are falling in Verry much to day    river rose last night a foot.

Capt. Lewis took meridean altd. of Suns U. L. with the octant above Split Rock C. & made the altitude 37° 6' 00    error of octt. as useal 2° 0' 0" + The Countrey for Several miles below is good, on the top of the high land back is also tolerable land    Some buffalow Sign to day [6]

I am Still verry unwell with a Sore throat & head ake

Course & Destance June 6th
N. 28° W   3 ½ ms. to a Hill on S. S.    pd. N. Bilg: of Isd.
N 49° W   1 ½ Ms. to a Creek Split rock
West—   1 ½ Ms. to a pt. on S. S. opsd. a Clift
N 31° W   4 ½ ms. to a pt. on L. S.    psd. Saline C. L. S.
N. 51° W   3 ms. to a bilg of an Isd. to left    pd. Sm. Isd.

On the Starbord shore one & ½ miles above the mouth of the split rock creek.

observed meridian altd. of ☉'s L. L. with Octant by back observation 37° 6' —"


Wednesday June 6th 1804.    we mended our mast this morning and Set out at 7 o.C. with a gentle wind up the River.    we passed a place in the projecting Rock the hole of the Split Rock River.    a little above we passed Split Rock Creek. [8]    the Country around is Delightful    Good Timber. I Saw one handsome Run from under the Clifts of Rocks, passed Saleen Creek on South Side of the River. Salt has been made their &.C.    we encamped on North Side of the River, [words erased and crossed out, illegible]


wensday June 6th 1804    Set out 6 oclock after ouer mast mended    4 miles past a Creek on the N Side Called Rock Creek    on the Loer Side Blow Cliftes 3 miles past Sallin Creek 〈Big Lick〉 on the South Side 〈Below〉 Cliftes on the Loer Side    water good the fore part of the day the Latter part Strong    came 18 miles    ouer hunters Kild one Deer    encampet on the N Side 〈the midel way of Isd.〉


On the 6th, we passed Saline creek on the south side; and on the 7th the river of the Big Devil [9] on the north; and Big Goodwoman's creek on the same side, where we encamped.


[W]ednesday 6th June 1804.    we Set out eairly and proceeded on    passed a creek called led creek [10] on S. Side.    passed a creek on N. Side called little good woman creek.    the country is good Soil rich and well timbred &c.    Camped on the North Side.—

Wednesday June 6th    We set out early this morning, and proceeded on, & passed a Creek called Lead Creek, laying on the South side of the River; also passed another Creek, called little good Woman Creek, The soil during this days travel appeared rich, and the Country well timbered, in the Evening we encamped on the North side of the River,

1. Biddle's notation at the top of this sheet of the Field Notes (document 19), reads "June 6 to June 9th." (back)
2. A literal translation of the French name, Roche Percée, now Perchee Creek, in Boone County, Missouri. Thwaites (LC), 1:41 n. 2; MRC map 8. (back)
3. Petite Saline Creek, so called from salt deposits in the vicinity, enters the Missouri River in northwest Moniteau County, Missouri. Coues (HLC), 1:16 n. 35; MRC map 8. (back)
4. Evidently the island later called Rocher Island and still later Terrapin Island; it is no longer on maps. Nicollet (MMR), 358; MRC map 8; MRM map 21. (back)
5. In Boone County, probably a little downstream from where Interstate Highway 70 crosses the Missouri River. MRC map 8. (back)
6. The first mention of the buffalo, Bison bison, in the journals. They did not actually shoot one until August 23, 1804. Hall, 2:1108–10. (back)
7. Lewis's observation from Codex O. (back)
8. Contrary to Ordway's wording, there seems to be only one stream here, Perchee Creek, Boone County, Missouri. (back)
9. Moniteau Creek on the Howard-Boone county line, Missouri. "Big Devil" must refer to the antlered or horned figures on a nearby rock noted by Clark this day (June 7, 1804). (back)
10. All the other journals indicate that they passed Lead Creek (Gass's Mine Creek, present Rock Creek or Mud Creek, Cole County, Missouri) on June 5. The same is true of Little Good Women Creek (present Bonne Femme Creek, Boone County, Missouri). (back)