27th of October Satturday 1804 we Set out early and Came too at the village [Matootonha] on the L. S. where we delayed a few minits, I walked to a Chiefs Logg [lodge] & Smoked with them, but Could not eat, which did displease them a little, here I met with a Mr: Jessomme,  who lived in this nation 18 [13?] years, I got him to interpet & he proceedd on with us we proceeded on to a Centeral point opposit the Knife River, & formed a Camp on the S. S. above the 2d Mandan village  & opsd. the Mah-har-ha village—  and raised a flag Staff—  Capt Lewis & the Intepeters walked down to the 2d Village of Mandans, & returned in about an hour, we Sent 3 Carrotes of tobacco to the other villages & enviting them to come down and Council with us tomorrow,— we endeaver to precure Some Knowledge of the principal Chiefs of the Different nations &.— well to give my ideas as to the impression thais man [Jusseaume] makes on me is a Cunin artfull an insoncear [insincere?]— he tels me he was once empld. by my brother in the Illinois & of his description I conceve as a Spye upon the British of Michillinicknac & St Joseph,  we think he may be made use full to us & do employ him as an interpeter— no. of Indians bring their wives &c. to the campes of our party on Shore &c.
|West||2||m. to a bend on the L. S. passed a Coal bank on the L. S.|
|N. 10° W.||2||m to a wood on the S. S. passed the 2d Mandan V. on the
S. S. to the place we counciled & Stayed untill the 1st Nov.—
|N. 12° W.||3||m. to a Bluff 30 feet high above the wooded bottom S. Side|
|N. 20° W.||2||m. to a tree under a Bluff of about 20 feet high on the S. S.|
|N. 30° W.||1 ½||m. to a pt of the Same Bluff 30 feet high in which is Coal|
|N. 45° W.||1 ½||m. to the lower point of an Island, the Current on the L. S.|
we Set out arly Came too at this Village on the L. S. this village is Situated on an eminance of about 50 feet above the Water in a handson Plain it Containes houses in a kind of Picket work. the houses are round and Verry large Containing Several families, as also their horses which is tied on one Side of the enterance, a Discription of those houses will be given hereafter, I walked up & Smoked a pipe with the Cheifs of this Village they were anxious that I would Stay and eat with them, my indisposition provented my eating which displeased them, untill a full explination took place, I returned to the boat and Sent 2 Carrots of Tobacco for them to Smoke, and proceeded on, passed the 2d Village and Camped opsd. the Village of the Weter Soon or ah wah har ways which is Situated on an eminance in a plain on the L. S. this Village is Small and Contains but fiew inhabitents. above this village & also above the Knife river  on the Same Side of the Missouri the Big bellies Towns are Situated  a further Discription will be given here after as also of the Town of Mandans on this Side of the river i' e' S. Side—
a fine worm Day we met with a french man by the name of Jassamme which we imploy as an interpeter This man has a wife & Children in the Village— Great numbers on both Sides flocked down to the bank to view us as wee passed.
Capt. Lewis with the Interpetr. walked down to the village below our Camp After delaying one hour he returned and informed me the Indians had returned to their village &c., &c., we Sent three 〈twists〉 Carrots of Tobacco by three young men, to the three Villages above inviting them to come Down & Council with us tomorrow. many Indians Came to view us Some Stayed all night in the Camp of our party— we procured Some information of Mr. Jessomme of the Chiefs of the Different Nations
|West||2||Miles to a bind on the L. S. passing a Cole Bank|
|N. 10° W||2||miles to a wood on the S. S. passd. the 2 Village on S. S.|
Saturday 27th Oct. a clear & pleasant morning. we Set off eairly. proceeded on. at 7 oC. we arived at the 1st village of the Mandens on S. S. their is about 40 houses or lodges in this village which are built much in the manner of the Rekarees. we found two or 3 frenchmen  one of them kept a Squaw & had a child by hir which was tollorable white. we delayed about 2 hours with them. they were assembled on the bank, especially the children, who are verry numerous. the men mostly a hunting. we proceeded on passed a Bluff on the S. S. with a black Stripe through the center of it resembling Stone coal, a bottom opposite on N. S. on which is the 2d village of the Mandens.  we Camped on N. S. little above the 2 village. the 3rd village nearly opposite on S. S.  this is the most conveneint place to hold a counsel with the whole nation. we hoisted a flag pole &.C. from the mouth of the Missouri to this place is 1610 miles.
Saturday 27th. The morning was clear and pleasant and we set out early. At half past seven we arrived at the first village of the Mandans,  and halted about two hours. This village contains 40 or 50 lodges built in the manner of those of the Rickarees. These Indians have better complexions than most other Indians, and some of the children have fair hair.  We passed a bluff on the south side with a stratum of black resembling coal. There is a bottom on the north side, where the second Mandan village  is situated. We went about a mile above it, and encamped  in the same bottom, for the purpose of holding a council with the natives. This place is 1610 miles from the mouth of the river du Bois, where we first embarked to proceed on the expedition. There are about the same number of lodges, and people, in this village as in the first. These people do not bury their dead, but place the body on a scaffold, wrapped in a buffaloe robe, where it lies exposed. 
Saturday October 27th We had pleasant weather, and we set out early, and proceeded on our Voyage. at 7 o'Clock A. M. we came to the first Village of the Mandan nation of Indians, This Village contain'd between 50 & 60 lodges, built in the same form that the Rick A Ree Indian lodges were built, and is situated on a high plain, which 〈is〉 lay on the South side of the Mesouri River,— The Mandan Indians are in general Stout, well made Men; and they are the lighest coulour'd Indians I ever saw, We stopped at this Village about 2 hours, and then proceeded on, about one Mile above the 2nd Village of the Mandans, and encamped on a lage Sand beach, near a bottom covered with Timber, The officers had encamped here in Order to hold a Council with the Mandan nation & the Gross Vaunter & Water Soix  nation of Indians who all reside near each other, and are friendly to one another, These Indians do not bury their deceas'd as the other nations living on the Mesouri do, The manner in which they treat them, is by placing them on a high Scaffold, wrapped up in Buffalo Robes, we saw Several of their deceased placed on Scaffolds, and was inform'd of it being their custom by the Interpreters among us.— It was about 11 o'Clock A. M., when we arrived at this place, the distance from where we enter'd the Mouth of the Mesouri River being 1,610 Miles.—