July 2, 1805
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

July 2, 1805


A shower of rain fell very early this morning after which we dispatched the men for the remaining baggage at the 6 mile stake. Shields and Bratton seting their tarkiln, Sergts. Pryor and Gass at work on the waystrips and myself and all other hands engaged in puting the boat together which we accomplished in about 3 hours and I then set four men at work sewing the leather over the cross bars of Iron on the inner side of the boat, which form the ends of the sections.    about 2 P. M. the party returned with the baggage, all well pleased that they had completed the laborious task of the portage. The Musquetoes uncommonly troublesome    the wind hard from the S. W. all day    I think it possible that these almost perpetual S. W. winds proceede from the agency of the Snowey Mountains and the wide level and untimbered plains which streach themselves along their bases for an immence distance (i e) that the air comeing in contact with the snow is suddonly chilled and condenced, thus becoming heaver than the air beneath in the plains, it glides down the sides of these mountains & decends to the plains, where by the constant action of the sun on the face of an untimbered country there is a partial vacuum formed for it's reception. I have observed that the winds from this quarter are always the coldest and most violent which we experience, yet I am far from giving full credit to my own hypothesis on this subject; if hoever I find on the opposite side of these mountains that the winds take a contrary direction I shall then have more faith. [1] After I had completed my observation of Equal Altitudes today Capt. Clark Myself and 12 men passed over to the large Island to hunt bear.    the brush in that part of it where the bear frequent is an almost impenitrable thicket of the broad leafed willow; this brush we entered in small parties of 3 or four together and surched in every part.    we found one only which made at Drewyer and he shot him in the brest at the distance of about 20 feet, the ball fortunately passed through his heart, the stroke knocked the bear down and gave Drewyer time to get out of his sight; the bear changed his course we pursued him about a hundred yards by the blood and found him dead; we surched the thicket in every part but found no other, and therefore returned.    this was a young male and would weigh about 400 lbs.    the water of the Missouri here is in most places about 10 feet deep.    after our return, in moving some of the baggage we caught a large rat. [2]    [NB: Copy for Dr Barton ]    it was somewhat larger than the common European rat, of lighter colour; the body and outer part of the legs and head of a light lead colour, the belly and inner side of the legs white as were also the feet and years.    the toes were longer and the ears much larger than the common rat; the ears uncovered with hair.    the eyes were black and prominent the whiskers very long and full.    the tail was reather longer than the body and covered with fine fur or poil of the same length and colour of the back.    the fur was very silkey close and short. I have frequently seen the nests of these rats in clifts of rocks and hollow trees but never before saw one of them.    they feed very much on the fruit and seed of the prickly pear; or at least I have seen large quantities of the hulls of that fruit lying about their holes and in their nests.

July 2cd 1805

Observed Equal altitudes of ☉ with Sextant—

  h    m    s   h    m    s  
A. M. 8      7    22 P. M. lost by clouds  
  "      8    55   6    18    4  
  "    10    33   "     19    4 Altd. at time of
observation    52° 5' 30"
  h m    s
Chronometer too [blank] on Mean Time    [blank]

Some rain at day light this morning.    dispatched the party for the remaining baggage left at the 6 mile Stake, they returned in the evening and we Crossed to a large Island nearly opposit to us to kill bear which has been Seen frequently in the Island, we killed one bear & returned at Sun Set. The Roreing of the falls for maney miles above us

Falls and Portage of the Missouri River, ca. July 2, 1805, Voorhis no. 1
Missouri Historical Society


Some rain at day light this morn'g after which a fair morning, dispatched the men for the Kegs &c. left at the Six mile Stake, others to get timber for the boat &c. Musquetors verry troublesom to day, day worm, after the return of the men with the articles left at the 6 mile Stake Capt. Lewis my Self & 12 men Crossed to an Island on which we Saw a bear the evening before, & Several had been Seen by the party at this place, we killed one of the bear and returned. The river at this place is [blank] yards wide and about 10 feet water    Cought a rat in our Stores, which had done some mischief, this rat was about the Sise of a Comn. large rat, larger ears, long whiskers & toes, with a tail long & hairey like a ground Squirel, verry fine fur and lighter than the Common rat. Wind to day as usial from the S. W. and hard all the after part of the day, those winds are also [air?] Cool and generally verry hard.


July 2nd Tuesday 1805. Some rain at day light this morning after which a fair morning    we Set out eairly with the truck waggons for the kegs and boxes &C. left at the Six mile Stake.    the men at camp Set at gitting timber &C for the Boat Musquetoes verry troublesome to day. we went to the 6 mile Stake and got the remander of our loading &C returned back. Saw buffalow as usal    one hunter killed 3 buffalow and one antelope in a fiew min[utes] we arived at Camp about 2 oClock and rejoiced that we have got through Such a laborious & fatiguing portage    The day warm the men put their fire arms in good order and towards evening the most of the hunters with the 2 Captains went over on an Island to hunt bear    they killed one and Saved the Skin and Greese. the Musquetoes troublesome this evening.—


Tuesday 2nd.    A fine morning. The Surveyer's compass, which had been lost was found to day. [3] The men went out for the baggage which had been left on the way, and got in with the whole of it, and canoes safe.

In the evening, the most of the corps crossed over to an island, to attack and rout its monarch, a large brown bear, that held possession and seemed to defy all that would attempt to besiege him there. Our troops, however, stormed the place, gave no quarter, and its commander fell. Our army returned the same evening to camp without having suffered any loss on their side.


July 2nd Tuesday 1805.    Some rain at day light this morning after which a fair morning.    the men who came in yesterday Set out with the truck waggons to go back to the 6 mile Stake for the Boxes and kegs which was left yesterday &c.    we that Stayed at Camp Set at gitting timber &c for the Iron boat.    Musquetoes verry troublesome to day.    about 2 oClock the party arived with the last of the Baggage.    they killed 3 buffalow and one antelope.    we put our fire arms in order and about 4 oClock the 2 Captains and the most of the hunters went over on an Island to hunt bear    they killed one and Saved the Skin and greece

Tuesday July 2nd    We had this morning Some rain, which fell at day light, and it then cleared up, and we had clear pleasant weather.    The Men who arrived at the upper Camp yesterday set out with the truck waggons, to go back to the 6 Mile stake, for the boxes & kegs that they had left at that place.—    those of the party that were left behind, were employed getting timber &ca. for the Iron boat &ca.    We found the musketoes very troublesome at the upper Camp, the whole of this day.—    About 2 o'Clock P M. the party arrived with the last of the baggage, they had killed 3 Buffalo, and one antelope, about 4 oClock P. M. the two Captains and most of our hunters went over on an Island, to hunt bear.    They killed One bear, which they brought into our Camp, and we secured the Oil & Skin of this animal, Some of the party were employed in putting our fire Arms in Order &ca.

1. Modern theories would explain the winds as either chinook, mountain-valley drainage, or synoptic scale winds. (back)
2. The first scientific description of the pack rat, or bushy-tailed woodrat, Neotoma cinerea. Cutright (LCPN), 166. It was probably Biddle who drew a red vertical line through this passage. (back)
3. Clark in his entry of June 30 says it was found that day. (back)