August 3rd Friday prepare a Small preas[en]t for those Indians and hold a Councul  Delivered a Speech & made 8 6 chief [hole] gave a fiew preasents and, a Smoke a Dram, Some Powder & Ball—[hole] the man [La Liberté] we 〈left〉 Sent not yet come up, Those people express great Satisfa[ct]ion at the Speech Delivered they are no Oreters, big [beg?], open Counternances, ottoes large Missor [Missouris] Small
at 4 oClock Set out under a gentle Breeze from the S. E proceeded on N. 5° E 5 Ms. Passed a Pt. on the S. S. and round a large Sand bar on the L. S. and Camped above,  below a great number of Snags quit [quite?] across the river, The Musquitors more numerous than I ever Saw them, all in Spirrits, we had Some rough Convasation G. Dr. [Drouillard?]— about boys.
T[h]e tribes of the Soux all retain the name 4th
after Delivering a Speech informing thos Children of ours of the Change which had taken place,  the wishes of our government to Cultivate friendship & good understanding, the method of have good advice & Some Directions, we made 〈8〉 1 Great Chief to the  who was not present, to whom we adresed the Speech & Sent Some presents or Meadels  & flag, we made 2 Second Chiefs one for the Missouris & another for the Ottos (those two tribes are nearly equal 170 each) and 4 principal men, to thos principal men to thos we gave a Small Comtn. [commission]  to each man to whom w[e] gave authority, a preasn of Br. Clt. [breech clout] Gart.[erin]g. Paint & a med. or Contn a Small Coms. was delivered for the whole
each Chief & principal man delivered a Speech acknowledging ther approbation to what they had heard and promised to prosue the good advice and Caustion, they were happy w[ith?] 〈Ther〉 new fathers who gave good advice & to be Depended on all Concluded by asking a little Powder & a Drop of Milk [whiskey].
I answered those Speeches gave them 50 balls one Canister of Powder & a Dram— after Cap Lewis Shot his air gun a few times which astonished the nativs, we Set Sail. recved from thos people water millions &—
from this place I am told by Mr. Faufong the interpeter that it will take a man 25 Days to go to St. a fee pass, the heads of Arkansas, round the Kansas head, across Some mountains from the top of which the City may be Seen the Spaniards have envited those Indians & the Panies to trade with them & Some french & a few indians are gorn from the Panias to that City this Summer—
The Situation of this place which we Call Council Bluff which is handsom ellevated a Spot well Calculated for a Tradeing establishment,  the Bank high & leavel on top well Calculated for a fort to Command the Countrey and river the low bottom above high water & well Situated under the Command of the Hill for Houses to trade with the Natives a butifull Plain both abov and below at no other bend on either Side does the High land touch the river for Some distance up, as I am told.
those Bluffs afford good Clay for Brick, a great quantity on the 3 points one Opsd. one abov & one below.— the Situation I am informed is, within 1 Days march of the Ottoes, 1½ of the Panias, 2 of the Mahars, & 2½ of the Loups Villages, also Convenient to the roveing Bands of Soux, Those people are now at war with each other, an establishment here would bring about peace and be the means of Keeping of it. 
Augt. 3d  Camped on the upper point of a large Sand bar L. S. Misquters verry bad. Some place near Conncill Bluff will be the most proper place for a tradeing establishment, for maney of the nations, the distance is to the Ottoes one Days, Ponies [Pawness] 1½ days, to the Mahar, 2 days, to Loups  2 Days & a half 16 or 1800 men—and convenient for Some 〈The Republicans are also〉 bands of the Sues,
〈Your letter of the 7th of Feby I recved With great pleasure〉 
mad[e] up a Small preasant for those people in perpotion to their Consiqunce. also a package with a meadile to accompany a Speech for the Grand Chief 〈which we intend to send to him〉 after Brackfast we Collected those Indians under an orning of our Main Sail, in presence of our Party paraded & Delivered a long Speech to them expressive of our journey the wirkes of our Government, Some advice to them and Directions how They were to Conduct themselves, 〈made one〉 the princapal Chief for the nation 〈to whom〉 being absente we sent him the Speech flag Meadel & Some Cloathes. after hering what they had to say Delivered 〈two of〉 a medal of Second Grade to one for the Ottos & and one for the Missourie 〈part of the nation〉 present and 4 medals of a third Grade to the inferior Chief two for each tribe. Those two parts of nations, Ottos & Missouries now 〈forming one of〉 residing together is about 250 men are 〈nearly equal in number〉 the Ottoes Composeing ⅔d and Missourie ⅓ part 
The names of the Chiefs we acknowledged Made this day are as follows Viz 
Those 〈people〉 Chiefs all Delivered a Speech acknowledgeing Their approbation to the Speech and promissing to prosue the advice & Derictions given them that they wer happy to find that they had fathers which might be depended on &c.
We gave them a Cannister of Powder and a Bottle of whiskey and delivered a few presents to the whole after giveing a Br: Cth: [breech cloth] Some Pain guartering & a Meadele to those we made Cheifs after Capt Lewis's Shooting the air gun a feiw Shots (which astonished those nativs) we Set out and proceeded on five miles on a Direct line passed a point on the S. S. & round a large Sand bar on the L. S. & Camped on the upper point. The Misquitors excessively troublesom this evening Great appearance of wind and rain to the N. W. we prepare to rec've it— The man Liberty whome we Sent for the Ottoes has not Come up he left the Ottoes Town one Day before the Indians. This man has eithered tired his horse or, lost himself in the Plains Some Indians are to hunt for him,
The Situation [WC: 25 Days from this to Santafee] of our last Camp Councill Bluff or Handssom Prarie appears to be a verry proper place for a Tradeing establishment & fortification The Soil of the Bluff well adapted for Brick, Great deel of timbers above in the two Points. many other advantages of a Small nature. and I am told Senteral to Several nations Viz. one Days march from the Ottoe Town, one Day & a half from the great Pania village,  2 days from the Mahar Towns, two ¼ Days from the Loups Village, & Convenient to the Countrey thro: which Bands of the Soux [NB: rove &] hunt. perhaps no other Situation is as well Calculated for a Tradeing establishment. The air is pure and helthy So far as we can Judge.—
|N. 5° E||5||ms. to a pt. on L. S. psd. a pt. on the S. S. & a Sand bar L S|
Friday 3rd a foggy morning. no Diew last night. This morning the two Captains held a Counsel With the 〈13〉 Zottous Indians & made 6 Chiefs under the american government, they all Recd their medel & other presents With Great kindness & thankfulness they all appeared to be Glad that they had Got freed from all other powers &C— they made Some verry Sensable Speeches Smoaked and drank with us. Shook hands and parted. Jos. Barter the man who went for those Indians Set out from their camp a day before them & has not returned. we Set out about 3 oClock P. M. proceeded on Round a large Sand bar & Camped on the S. S. the Musquetos verry bad. Some place near Councile Bluff is arround the most proper place for a tradeing house as their are these three or four nations, the ottoes Ponies & mahar &C.
Friday august 3dth the Council was held and all partes was agreed the Captens Give them meney presents thes is the ottoe and the Missouries The Missouries is a verry Small nathion the ottoes is a very Large nathion So thay Live in one village on the Plate River after the Council was over we took ouer Leave of them and embarked at 3 oclock P. m under Jentell Brees from the South Est. Sailed made 6 miles Campt on the South Side the Land Low, that on the N. prarie Land—
Friday 3rd. Captain Lewis and Captain Clarke held a council with the Indians, who appeared well pleased with the change of government, and what had been done for them. Six of them were made chiefs,  three Otos and three Missouris.
We renewed our voyage at 3 o'clock; went six miles and encamped on the south side; where we had a storm of wind and rain, which lasted two hours.
Friday 3rd the morning was 〈clear〉 foggy the Indians Beheavd. well while Incampd. Neer our party Captn. Lewis Brought them to a treaty after the hour of 9 Oclock— there was Six of the Zottoe Cheifs & Six of the Missueriees; he gave 3 of the head chiefs a Meaddle Each; and the Other three Commissions in the Name of the president of the U. S. the[y] was well Content With what the[y] Recd. the Officer Commanding Gave Each of the privates  Some Small presents which made them all on an Eaqual Satisfactory Atonement for their Visit. the[y] was well Content in the presence of their two fathers, which was M. Lewis & Wm. Clark do. when the Articles was Opend Out the[y] Said as long as the 〈San〉 french had traded with [them] the[y] Never Gave them as much as a Knife for Nothing Got underway in the Evening Saild 5 miles—
Friday August 3d This morning was foggy, the Indians had behaved themselves well in their encampment which lay near ours.— At 9 o'Clock Captains Lewis & Clark held a treaty with those Indians. There was Six Chiefs of the Zoto nation, and Six of the Mesouri Chiefs, Captain Lewis gave to three of the heads Chiefs, each a Medal, and the other three Chiefs Commissions, in the name of the President of the United States, they all seemed well content with what they received, The commanding officer, (Captain Lewis) gave each of the others (to whom he had given Commissions) some small presents, which gave general satisfaction— & they consider'd that they were well paid for their Visit.—
They told Captain Lewis & Captain Clark (which was Interpreted 〈George Drewyer〉 by a frenchman we had with us our Interpreter) that they were well contented with what their fathers, (meaning them had gave them) when the articles was deliver'd, they mentioned, that as long as the french Traders, had traded with them that they had never even gave them as much as a knife, without receiving something from them for it.— They staid with us till 5 oClock P. M. when we got under way, and sail'd 5 Miles and encamped on the West bank of the River.—
The Latitude of Council bluff is in 41° 17' north Latitude
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