September 30, 1805
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Aug 30, 1803 Sep 30, 1806

September 30, 1805


a fine morning    our me[n] recruting a little    cool, all at work doing Something except 2 which are verry Sick, Great run of Small duck passing 〈up and〉 down the river this morning.

Took equal altitudes with Sextent at Camp opposit the Junction of [blank] River and [blank] River

〈A M 8 41 45.5〉
〈   " " 43 31〉
〈   " "   4〉  

Sunday 30th Sept. 1805

  H. M.   S.     H. M   S
A. M 8 49 32.5   P M 4 5 23.5
  " " 51 17.5     " 4 7   9
  " " 53   8.5     " 4 8 58.5

Altitude produced from this observation is 42° 50' 45"

Observed time and distance of Sun and Moon Nearest Limbs ☉ West. with Sextent

  Time   distance
  H.    M.   S    
P M 4    21    44   91°    57'   00"
   "    22    53   91     57    30
   "    23    52   91     58      0
   "    24    37   91     58    15
   "    25    35   91     58    15
   "    26    42   91     58    30
   "    27    39   91     58    45
   "    28    17   91     59    15
   "    29    43   91     59    45
   "    31    10   92     50      0
   "    32    15   92       0    15
   "    33      8   92       0    45
   "    34    23   92       1    15
   "    35    30   92       1    30
   "    36    20   92       1    45

Error of Enstrement 8° 45"    Sub Cronometer too fast


a fine fa[i]r morning a 〈little〉    the men recruiting a little, all at work which are able. Great number of Small Ducks pass down the river this morning.    maney Indians passing up and down the river.

Course & Distance from Clark's river
to the Forks of Flat head [EC: Kooskooskee ] river.
    [EC: Sept 11]
S. 45° E     1 ½ miles up Travelers rest Creek to a road which joins from
the right on the lower side of the Creek, which road
passes from the Missouri
West     5 ½ miles up the creek on the right    The hills high and
    Septr. 12
N. W.   11 miles to the forks of the Creek on a road passing over
high points hilley and Covered with pine, Crosd six
branches from the left, the 1st three large, psd. a hot
hous of earth
S. 75° W   12 miles to the creek, passing a bend of the Creek at 4 miles
& over a high mountain on which we found no water for
8 miles, the road bad much falling timber
    Septr. 13
〈S. W.     7 miles over a mountain & on a dividing ridge of flat gladey
land to a Creek from the left, passing thro a glade of ½ a
mile wide & keeping down the Creek for two miles.〉
S. W.     2 miles up the Said Creek, bad road rockey Steep hill Sides
falling timber to a hot Springs on the right of the Creek,
boiling out of a corse grittey Stones &.
S. 30° W.     3 miles passing a bad falling timber to the Creek on our
left    passed 3 Small Streams from ou right 〈thro' Horse
S. 30° W.     7 miles over a mountain and on a dividing of flat gladey
land to a [EC: Glade] Creek in a glade of ½ a mile in
width, & keeping down this Creek two miles
    Septr. 14
S 80° W.     6 miles over a high mountanious Countery thickly Covered
with pine Spruce & to the forks of the Creek, one of
equal Size [EC: N. fork Koosk ] falling in from the right
passing much falling timber
S 60° W     9 miles over a high mountain Steep and almost inexcess-
able, leaveing the Creek to our right hand to the forks, a
[EC: Colt Killed ] Creek to our right hand to the forks, a
Creek of equal Size falling in from the left 2 fish dams or
weares across the North fork to catch Salmon
S 70° W.     2 miles down the river Kooskooske [3] to a Small branch on
the right Side Killed & eate Coalt
    Septr. 15th
West     4 miles down the 〈Creek〉 River passing over four high
steep hills to a run at an old Indn. encampment.
N. W.     8 miles assending a ruged mountain winding in every di-
rection passing over high Stoney knobs    passed a Spring
on our right at 4 miles to a high part of the Mountain on
which was Snow.
    16th Septr
S 75° W   13 miles on the mountain passing emencly high and ruged
Knobs of the mounts. in Snow from 4 to 6 Inchs deep
much falling timber    Snow Contined to fall    passed
thro a Countery thickly timbered with 8 destienct kinds
of pine to a Small branch passing to our right
    17th Septr
S. 50° W.   10 miles over high Knobs of the Mountn. emincely dificuelt,
passed 3 dreans to our right to one which passes to our
left on the top of a high Mountain, passing on a divide
    "I proced on with the hunters" 18th Septr.
S 85° W   32 miles to hungary Creek passing to our left    passed a
branch & Several Springs which passes to our right Keep-
ing a dividing ridge    passed Several high Steep & rugid
Knobs of the mountains, from the top of one view the
leavel Countery to the S. W. much falling timber, a branch
of hungary Creek
    19 Sepr
S 80° W   22 miles on our course thro emencely bad falling timber the
greater part of the way. Keeping up the Creek for 8 miles,
at 6 passed thro a Small Plain whre we Killed a horse, the
road up the Creek Stoney hill Sides much worse than any
we have passed    left the Creek to our right and passd.
over a mountain and the heads of some branches of hun-
gary Creek
, over ridges and thro much falling timber &
two other high mountains of like discription to a large
Creek running West, kept down 4 miles and left it to our
left and Crossed over a mountain as bad as usial to a
Branch which runs to our left
    20 Sepr
S 60° W   12 miles to the Low Countery at the foot of the mountain,
passed over into the forks of a large Creek at 4 miles.
Kept down this Creek 2 miles and left it to our left hand
passing on a dividing ridge    passed Some dreans to
our left
West     6 miles to an Pierced nose Indian Village in a Small Plain
pasd. thro a open pine Countery    Crossed 2 runs pass-
ing to our left
N. 70° W.     2 miles to a 2d. village passing through the open Plains
Covered with horses &. & Indian womin diging roots.
    (21s Sept)
N. 80° W.   12 Miles thro an opin leavel rich pine Countery to the top of
the river hills    passed no water
S. 70° W     3 miles down a Steep hill to the river at the mouth of a
Small [X: Village] Creek on which the Indian village is
West     3 miles down the river to the mouth of a large Creek I call
rock dam on the right Side, passing a bad road on a Steep
hill Side, and place the Indians catch fish at 2 Islands
rive about 150 yds wide and is the one we killed The 1s
Coalt on
    25th Septr.
N. 70° W.     2 miles down the Koskoske [4] River to a rapid at a graveley
Island    Hills high & Steep    Small bottoms covered with
pine passed 2 rapids
S. 75° W.     3 miles to the forks of the river the N W. fork as large as the
Chopunnish River. Crossed to the South side and formed
a Camp to build Canoes &c. in a Small Pine bottom op-
posit a riffle in the Souh fok &c.
  190 Miles

Monday 30th Sept. 1805. [5]    2 hunters Stayed out last night.    a fair morning.    we continued on with the work.    the party So weak that we git along Slow with the canoes.    towards evening our hunters returned    one of them had killed a deer and a pheasant.—


The Computed distance in miles from Jeffersons River at the head of the Missourie    The place the canoes of the party of N. W. discovery was lift in 1805.—

From the mouth of the Missouri canoe deposit— 3096
To the dividing Mountain head Spring—     24
To the first fork of the Columbia River     14
To the first large fork down the River     18
To the forks on the raod at mouth of Tower Creek     14
To fishing Creek (after leaving the River)     23
[To] flat head River at first Camp—     41
To the mouth of travvellers wrest 〈creek〉—     76
To the foot of the mountain East side     12
To the Flat head village in a plain—       3
To the first of koskoskia River Canoe Camp     21
To the Ki moo e nem down the kos kos kia     60
To Columbia River down ki mo e nem R.   140
To Snake Indian River on South Side—   162
To the great falls of Columbia River       6
To the Short Narrows       3
To the long narrowns on Timn—       3
[To] the mouth of Catterack River N. Side—      [2?]
To the grand Shoote or rapids       4
To the east rapids at Strabury Island       6
To the Mouth of quick Sand River South Side—     26
To Shallow bay on N. Side at Salt water  
To blustery point on N. Side—     13
To point open Slope below perminent Encamp-

    ment of the party of N. W. Discoveries in 1805—

To Chim nook River in the bottom of Haileys bay     12
To Cape disappointment on the western ocean—     13
Capt. Clark & party proceeded on 10 miles on the

    Coast North west.—
Total 4120

Monday 30th.    The weather continued pleasant; and our hunters killed a deer.


Monday 30th Sept. 1805.    two [7] hunters Stayed out last night.    a fair morning.    the Sick men are gitting Some better.    we continued our work at the canoes as usal.    our constant hunter out to day.    the party in general are So weak and feeble that we git along Slow with the canoes.    our hunters returned towards evening    one of them had killed a Deer & a pheasant.

Monday Septemr 30th    This morning we had pleasant weather, The hunters that went out hunting the 28th instant had not as yet returned, and the Men that were sick belonging to our party are recovering their healths.    The party employed at making the Canoes, are so weak & feeble that—    they do but little work in the course of the day.—    Towards evening the hunters returned, & brought in with them a Deer, & a Pheasant that they had killed.—

1. Opposite this entry in Clark's Elkskin-bound Journal is a sketch map. See note for September 20, 1805. (back)
2. Clark's astronomical observations are repeated at the end of this entry (Codex G, p. 129) as apparently copied from the Elkskin-bound Journal. No differences in the figures between the two sets were found and the table is not printed here. Following that table is a course and distance table (Codex G, pp. 130–34) labeled: "Course & Distance from Clark's river to the Forks of Flat head river." The word " Clark's " appears to have been substituted for an erased word. "Flat head" also may have been added later. This covers the period September 11–25, 1805, with some days missing when the party was not on the move. We retain this table because of some differences with the Elkskin-bound Journal. (back)
3. The word appears to have been added to a blank space. (back)
4. Again, the word seems to have been added to a blank space, as does the word " Chopunnish " in the next course. (back)
5. This is the last daily entry in Ordway's first notebook journal (see Ordway's entry for May 14, 1804). Then follows a table of "Computed distance" (next) from the party's Camp Fortunate, below the forks of the Beaverhead River, to the Pacific Coast. (back)
6. This table postdates the entries in this notebook. Ordway could have entered the material any time after the party arrived at the Pacific Coast. The notes may have been added to blank pages in the notebook during the extended stay at Fort Clatsop. The table is placed here to indicate its placement in the original. (back)
7. The word "two" is written over "one." (back)